Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11158/saa.23.8.8

Population dynamics of the main phytophagous and predatory mites associated with rubber tree plantations in the State of Bahia, Brazil

Elizeu Castro, Felipe Nuvoloni, Reinaldo Feres

Abstract


Rubber trees, Hevea brasiliensis, are the main source of latex in the world, being cultivated in several states in Brazil. Calacarus heveae Feres and Tenuipalpus heveae Baker are considered the main pest mites of this crop. In this study, we evaluated the population dynamics of these two phytophagous species and of the most common predatory species during a one-year period on crops of rubber tree clones FDR 5788, CDC 312 and PMB 01, located in Igrapiúna, State of Bahia, northeastern Brazil. The results indicate that outbreaks of C. heveae and T. heveae occur from January to May. Population densities vary among clones, being lower on FDR 5788. Amblyseius perditus Chant and Baker (Phytoseiidae), Parapronematus sp. (Iolinidae) and Agistemus pallinii Matioli, Tavares and Pallini (Stigmaeidae) were the most abundant and frequently encountered predacious species. The population dynamics of these predatory species were related to the abundance of the phytophagous mites. However, the efficacy of these predators to mitigate infestations of phytophagous mites under natural conditions is unresolved due to the high reproductive rate of the phytophagous species.


Keywords


Hevea brasiliensis, pest mites, Calacarus heveae, Tenuipalpus heveae, Parapronematus sp., Amblyseius perditus, Agistemus pallinii

References


Ab´Saber, A.N. (2003) Os domínios de natureza no Brasil: potencialidades paisagísticas. São Paulo, Ateliê Editorial, 159 pp.

Abou-Awad, B.A., El-Sawaf, B.M. & Abdel Kader, A.A. (1999) Life history and life table of Pronematus ubiquitus (McGregor) as a predator of eriophyoid mites in Egypt (Acari: Tydeidae). Acarologia, 40, 29–32.

Al-Shanfari, A., Hountondji, F.C.C., Al-Zawamri, H., Rawas, H., Al-Mashiki, Y., Moraes, G.J.de., Moore, D. & Gowen, S.R. (2013) Occurrence and seasonal prevalence of the coconut mite, Aceria guerreronis (Eriophyidae), and associated arthropods in Oman. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 60, 139–151.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-012-9637-7

Alvarenga, A.P. & Carmo, C.A.F.S. (2008) Seringueira. Viçosa, Epamig, 823 pp.

Awmack, C.S. & Leather, S.R. (2002) Host plant quality and fecundity in herbivorous insects. Annual Review of Entomology, 47, 817–844

https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.47.091201.145300

Bates, D., Maechler, M. & Bolker, B. (2011) lme4: Linear mixed-effects models using S4 classes. R package version 0.999375-41. Available from http://CRAN.R-project.org/package=lme4 (accessed 26 April 2017).

Bolker, B.M. (2008) Ecological models and data in R. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 396 pp.

Burnham, K.P. & Anderson, D.R. (2002) Model selection and multi-model inference, 2nd edn. New York, Springer, 353 pp.

Castro, E.B., Nuvoloni, F.M., Mattos, C.R.R. & Feres, R.J.F. (2013) Population fluctuation and damage caused by phytophagous mites on three rubber tree clones. Neotropical Entomology, 42, 95–101.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s13744-012-0088-y

Castro, E.B., Ramos, F.A.M., Feres, R.J.F., Ochoa, R. & Bauchan, G.R. (2017) Redescription of Tenuipalpus heveae Baker (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) and description of a new species from rubber trees in Brazil. Acarologia, 57(2), 421–458.

https://doi.org/10.1051/acarologia/20174166

Crawley, M.J. (2002) Statistical computing. An introduction to data analysis Using S-plus. New York, Wiley, 772 pp.

Daud, R.D. & Feres, R.J.F. (2007) Dinâmica populacional de ácaros fitófagos (Acari, Eriophyidae, Tenuipalpidae) em seis clones de seringueira no sul do Estado de Mato Grosso. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 51, 377–381.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0085-56262007000300016

Daud, R.D., Feres, R.J.F. & Hernandes, F.A. (2012) Seasonal suitability of three rubber tree clones to Calacarus heveae (Acari, Eriophyidae). Experimental and Applied Acarology, 56, 57–68.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-011-9494-9

Demite, P.R. & Feres, R.J.F. (2007) Ocorrência e flutuação populacional de ácaros (Acari) associados a seringais (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) vizinhos de fragmentos de Cerrado. Neotropical Entomology, 36, 117–127.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2007000100015

Feres, R.J.F. (1992) A new species of Calacarus Keifer (Acari: Eriophyidae, Phyllocoptinae) from Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae) from Brazil. International Journal of Acarology, 18, 61–65.

https://doi.org/10.1080/01647959208683930

Feres, R.J.F. (2000) Levantamento e observações naturalísticas da acarofauna (Acari, Arachnida) de seringueiras cultivadas (Hevea spp., Euphorbiaceae) no Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 17, 157–173.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752000000100011

Feres, R.J.F., Del’Arco, M. & Daud, R.D. (2010) Biological cycle of Tenuipalpus heveae Baker (Acari, Tenuipalpidae) on leaflets of three rubber tree clones. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 54, 298–303.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0085-56262010000200013

Ferla, N.J. & Moraes, G.J.de. (2002) Ácaros (Arachnida, Acari) da seringueira (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) no Estado do Mato Grosso, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 19, 867–888.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752002000300025

Ferla, N.J. & Moraes, G.J.de. (2003) Oviposição dos ácaros predadores Agistemus floridanus Gonzalez, Eusieus concordis (Chant) e Neoseiulus anonymus (Chant & Baker) (Acari) em resposta a diferentes tipos de alimento. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 20, 153–155.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752003000100019

Ferla, N.J. & Moraes, G.J.de. (2008) Flutuação populacional e sintomas de danos por ácaros (Acari) em seringueira no estado do Mato Grosso, Brasil. Revista Árvore, 32, 365–376.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-67622008000200019

Gerson, U., Smiley, R.L. & Ochoa, R. (2003) Mites (Acari) for pest control. Oxford, Blackwell Publishing, 539 pp.

Gonçalves, P.S., Bataglia, O.C., Ortolani, A.A. & Fonseca, F.S. (2001) Manual de heveicultura para o estado de São Paulo. Campinas, Boletim Técnico IAC 189, 78 pp.

Hernandes, F.A. & Feres, R.J.F. (2006) Diversidade e sazonalidade de ácaros (Acari) em seringal (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.) no noroeste do estado de São Paulo. Neotropical Entomology, 35, 523–535.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2006000400016

Hessein, N.A. & Perring, T.M. (1986) Feeding habits of the Tydeidae with evidence of Homeopronematus anconai (Acari: Tydeidae) predation of Aculops lycopersici (Acari: Eriophyidae). International Journal of Acarology, 12, 215–221.

https://doi.org/10.1080/01647958608683467

Johnson, J.B. & Omland, K.S. (2004) Model selection in ecology and evolution. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 19, 101–108.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2003.10.013

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística – IBGE (2008) Produção da extração vegetal e silvicultura. Available from http://www.ibge.gov.br. (accessed 26 April 2017).

Lara, F.M. (1991) Princípios de resistência de plantas a insetos. São Paulo, Ícone, 336 pp.

Le Guen, V., Guyot, J., Mattos, C.R.R., Seguin, M. & Garcia, D. (2008) Long lasting rubber tree resistance to Microcyclus ulei characterized by reduced conidial emission and absence of teleomorph. Crop Protection, 27, 1498–1503.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2008.07.012

McCulloch, C.E. & Searle, S.R. (2001) Generalized, Linear, and Mixed Models. New York, Wiley, 335 pp.

McMurtry, J.A. & Croft, B.A. (1997) Life-styles of phytoseiid mites and their roles in biological control. Annual Review of Entomology, 42, 291–321.

https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.42.1.291

Moraes, G.J. & Flechtmann, C.H.W. (2008) Manual de Acarologia, Acarologia Básica e Ácaros de Plantas Cultivadas no Brasil. Ribeirão Preto, Editora Holos, 308 pp.

Nuvoloni, F.M., Lofego, A.C., Castro, E.B. & Feres, R.J.F. (2015) Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) from rubber tree crops in the State of Bahia, Brazil, with description of two new species. Zootaxa, 3964, 260–274.

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3964.2.6

R Development Core Team (2011) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna. Available from http://www.r-project.org(accessed 26 April 2017)

Rêgo, A.S., Teodoro, A.V., Maciel, A.G.S. & Sarmento, R.A. (2013) Relative contribution of biotic and abiotic factors to the population density of the cassava green mite, Mononychellus tanajoa (Acari: Tetranychidae). Experimental and Applied Acarology, 60, 479–484.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-013-9667-9

Shapiro, S.S. & Wilk, M.B. (1965) An analysis variance tests for normality (complete samples). Biometrika, 52, 591–611.

https://doi.org/10.1093/biomet/52.3-4.591

Silva, H.A.S., Vieira, M.R., Filho, W.V.V., Cardoso, M.S.M. & Figueira, J.A. (2011) Clones de seringueira com resistência a ácaros. Bragantia, 70, 383–388.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052011000200019

Souza, I.V., Gondim, M.G.C. Jr., Ramos, A.L.R., Santos, E.A., Ferraz, M.I.F. & Oliveira, A.R. (2012) Population dynamics of Aceria guerreronis (Acari: Eriophyidae) and other mites associated with coconut fruits in Una, state of Bahia, northeastern Brazil. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 58, 221–223.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-012-9576-3

Vieira, M.R. & Gomes, E.C. (1999) Sintomas, desfolhamento e controle de Calacarus heveae Feres, 1992 (Acari: Eriophyidae) em seringueira (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg.). Cultura Agronômica, 8, 39–52.

Vieira, M.R., Gomes, E.C. & Silva, H.A.S. (2010) Redução na produção de látex da seringueira provocada pela infestação de ácaros. Revista Ceres, 57, 608–613.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-737X2010000500007

Vis, R.J.De., Moraes, G.J.de. & Bellini, M.R. (2006a) Mites (Acari) of rubber trees (Hevea brasiliensis Muell. Arg., Euphorbiaceae) in Piracicaba, State of São Paulo, Brazil. Neotropical Entomology, 35, 112–120.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2006000100015

Vis, R.J.De., Moraes, G.J.de. & Bellini, M.R. (2006b) Initial screening of little known predatory mites in Brazil as potential pest control agents. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 39, 115–125.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-006-9004-7

Zuur, A., Ieno, E.N., Walker, N.J., Saveliev, A.A. & Smith, G.M. (2009) Mixed effects models and extensions in ecology with R. New York, Springer, 574 pp.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-87458-6


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


An international journal of the Systematic and Applied Acarology Society

ISSN 1362-1971