Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11158/saa.23.8.1

Ticks (Acari: Argasidae and Ixodidae) infesting amphibians and reptiles in Northeastern Brazil

Edna Paulino Alcantara, Cristiana Ferreira Silva, Robson Waldemar Ávila, Richard Campos Pacheco, Thiago Fernandes Martins, Sebastián Muñoz-Leal, Drausio Honorio Morais

Abstract


Ticks collected on 21 different species of amphibians and reptiles captured during 2001 to 2017 in the northeast Brazil were identified. Overall, 227 individuals (185 larvae, 32 nymphs, 7 adults females and 3 males) identified as follow: Amblyomma dissimile, Amblyomma rotundatum, Amblyomma sp. larvae, Ornithodoros mimon, Ornithodoros rietcorreai, and an Ornithodoros sp. Herein, we present 25 new tick-host associations, thus contributing to the knowledge on tick-fauna associated to amphibians and reptiles from Brazilian northeast.


Keywords


Amblyomma, Ornithodoros, ectoparasites

References


Ahid, S.M.M., Oliveira, M.F., Souza, A.L.P., Freitas, L.H.T. & Famadas, K.M. (2003) Amblyomma rotundatum (Ixodidae) em jibóias (Boa constrictor) do parque zoobotânico Onélio Porto, Mossoró, RN: observações sobre a biologia. Resumos 18º Congresso Brasileiro de Parasitologia, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, 78 pp.

Aragão, H.B. (1908) Algunas novas especies de carrapatos brazilieros. Brazil Medico, 22, 111–115.

Aragão, H. & Fonseca, F. (1961) Notas de Ixodologia VIII: lista e chave para os representantes da fauna ixodológica brasileira. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 59, (2), 115–129.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02761961000200001

Arzua, M., Onofrio, V.C. & Barros-Battesti, D.M. (2005) Catalogue of the tick collection (Acari: Ixodida) of the Museu de História Natural Capao da Imbuia, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. Revista Brasilera de Zoología, 22, 623–632.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752005000300015

Bakkes, D.K., De Klerk, D., Latif, A.A. & Mans, B.J. (2018) Integrative taxonomy of Afrotropical Ornithodoros (Ornithodoros) (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae). Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 9(4), 1006–1037.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2018.03.024

Barros-Battesti, D.M., Arzua, M. & Bechara, G.H. (2006) Carrapatos de importância médico-veterinária da região neotropical: um guia ilustrado para identificação de espécies. São Paulo: Vox/ICTTD/Butantan.

Barros-Battesti, D.M., Ramirez, D.G., Landulfo, G.A., Faccini, J.L.H., Dantas-Torres, F. & Labruna, M.B. (2013) Immature argasid ticks: diagnosis and keys for Neotropical region. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, 22, (4), 443–456.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612013000400002

Barros-Battesti, D.M., Landulfo, G.A., Luz, H.R., Marcili, A., Onofrio, V.C. & Famadas, K.M. (2015) Ornithodoros faccinii n. sp. (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae) parasitizing the frog Thoropa miliaris (Amphibia: Anura: Cycloramphidae) in Brazil. Parasites & Vectors, 8, (1), 268.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-015-0877-3

Berlese, A. (1888) Acari austro-americani. Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana, 20, 171–242.

Brum, J.G.W. & Costa, P.R.P. (2003) Confirmação da ocorrência da Amblyomma rotundatum Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) no Rio Grande do Sul. Arquivo do Instituto de Biológico, 70, 105–106.

Brum, J.G.W. & Rickes, E.M. (2003) Amblyomma dissimile Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) em serpente sucuri (Eunectes murinus) (Reptilia: Boidae) no Parque Zoológico do Rio Grande do Sul. Arquivos do Instituto Biológico, 70, 215–216.

Cunha, M.C.A.L., Farias, A.M.I., Brito, F.L.C. & Serra-Freire, N.M. (2003) Intensidade de parasitismo de Amblyomma rotundatum Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) em serpentes da Família Boidae capturadas no Parque dois Irmãos, Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil. Entomología y Vectores, 10, (1), 21–29.

Conil P.A. (1878) Desription d'une nouvelle espèce d'ixode, Ixodes auricularius. Acta Acad. Nac. Cienc. Exactas (Argentina), 3, 99–110.

Dantas-Torres, F., Oliveira-Filho, E.F., Souza, B.O.F., Sá, F.B. (2005) First record of Amblyomma rotundatum Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitizing Crotalus durissus cascavella (Wagler, 1824) (Squamata: Viperidae) in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. Arquivos do Instituto Biológico, 72, (3), 389–390.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612008000400009

Dantas-Torres, F., Oliveira-Filho, E.F., Soares, F.A.M., Souza, B.O.F., Valença, R.B.P. & Sá, F.B. (2008) Ticks infesting amphibians and reptiles in Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, 17, 218–221.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612008000400009.

Dantas-Torres, F., Onofrio, V.C. & Barros-Battesti, D.M. (2009) The ticks (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae, Ixodidae) of Brazil. Experimenal and Applied Acarology, 14, 30–46.

https://doi.org/10.11158/saa.14.1.4

Dantas-Torres, F., Ferreira, D.R.A., Melo, L.M., Lima, P.C.P., Siqueira, D.B., Rameh-Dealbuquerque, L.C., Melo, A.V. & Ramos, J.A.C. (2010) Ticks on captive and free-living wild animals in northeastern Brazil. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 50, 181–189.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10493-009-9296-5

Dantas-Torres, F., Venzal, J.M., Bernardi, L.F., Ferreira, R.L., Onofrio, V.C., Marcili, A., Bermudez, S.E., Ribeiro, A.F., Barros-Battesti, D.M. & Labruna, M.B. (2012) Description of a new species of bat-associated argasid tick (Acari: Argasidae) from Brazil. Journal of Parasitology, 98, 36–45.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1645/GE-2840.1

Endris, R.G., Keirans, J.E., Robbins, R.G. & Hess, W.R. (1989) Ornithodoros (Alectorobius) puertoricensis (Acari: Argasidae): Redescription by scanning electron microscopy. Journal of Medical Entomology, 26, 146–154.

https://doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/26.3.146

Estrada-Peña, A., Venzal, J.M., González Acuña, D. & Guglielmone, A.A. (2003) Argas (Persicargas) keiransi n.sp. (Acari: Argasidae), a parasite of the chimango, Milvago c. chimango (Aves: Falconiformes) in Chile. Journal of Medical Entomology, 40, 766–769.

https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585-40.6.766

Fairchild, G.B., Kohls, G.M. & Tipton, V. (1966) The ticks of Panama. In: Wenzel, R.L. & Tipton, V.J. (eds.) Ectoparasites of Panama. Field Museum Natural History, Chicago, IL., pp. 167–219.

Fischer, C.D.B., Monttin, V.D., Heerdt, M., Filadelfo, T., Ceresér, V.H., Queirolo, M.T. & Allgayer, M.C. (2009) Amblyomma dissimile (Acari: Ixodidae) em Hydrodynastes gigas (Squamata: Colubridae) no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 46, (05), 400–403.

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2009.26790

Freitas, L.H.T. Faccini, J.L.H., Daemon, E., Prata, M.C.A. & Barros-Battesti, D.M. (2004) Experimental infestation with the immatures of Amblyomma dissimile Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) on Tropidurus torquatus (Lacertilia: Iguanidae) and Oryctolagus cuniculus. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, 56, (1), 126–129.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352004000100021

Gambale, P.J., Oda, F.H., Carvalho, I., Cardoso, T., Fernandes, E.K.K. & Bastos, R.P. (2014) Physalaemus nattereri (Cuyaba dwarf frog): Parasitism. The Herpetological Bulletin, 130, 22–23.

Gomides, S.C., Maturano, R., Daemon, E., Garcia, P.C.A. & Rodrigues, M.T. (2015) New reports of Acari ectoparasites on lizards of the genus Plica (Squamata: Tropiduridae) and a list of parasites known from this genus. Salamandra, 51, (2), 195–198.

Guerra, R.M.S.N.C., Silva, A.L.A. & Serra-Freire, N.M. (2000) Amblyomma rotundatum Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) in Kinosternon scorpioides (Chelonia: Kinosternidae) in Maranhão state, Brazil. Entomologiay Vectores, 7, (3), 335–338.

Guglielmone, A.A., Estrada-Peña, A., Keirans, J.E., Robbins, R.G. (2003) Ticks (Acari: Ixodida) of the neotropical zoogeographic region. Atlanta Houten, International Consortium on Ticks and Tickborne Diseases, 173pp.

Guglielmone, A.A., Beati, L., Barros-Battesti, D.M., Labruna, M.B., Nava, S., Venzal, J.M., Mangold, A.J., Szabó, M.P.J., Martins, J.R., González-Acuña, D. & Estrada-Peña, A. (2006) Ticks (Ixodidae) on humans in South America. Experimental & Applied Acarology, 40, (2), 83–100.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10493-006-9027-0

Guglielmone, A.A. & Nava, S. (2010) Hosts of Amblyomma dissimile Koch, 1844 and Amblyomma rotundatum Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae). Zootaxa, 2541, 27–49.

Guglielmone, A.A., Robbins, R.G., Apanaskevich, D.A., Petney, T.N., EstradaPeña, A. & Horak, I.G. (2014) The hard ticks of the world (Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae). Springer. Dordrecht Heidelberg, New York. 738 pp.

Heath, A.C.G. (2012) A new species of soft tick (Ixodoidea: Argasidae) from the New Zealand lesser short-tailed bat, Mystacina tuberculata Gray. Tuhinga, 23, 29–37.

Jones, E.K. & Clifford, C.M. (1972) The systematics of the subfamily Ornithodorinae (Acarina: Argasidae).V. A revised key to larval Argasidae of the Western Hemisphere and description of seven new species of Ornithodoros. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 65, 730–740.

https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/65.3.730

Jones, E.K., Clifford, C.M., Keirans, J.E. & Kohls, G.M. (1972) The ticks of Venezuela (Acarina: Ixodoidea) with a key to the species of Amblyomma in the Western Hemisphere. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin, Biological Series, 17, 1–40.

Jongejan, F. & Uilenberg, G. (2004) The global importance of ticks. Parasitology, 129, 3–14.

https://doi.org/10.1017/S0031182004005967

Keirans, J.E. & Durden, L.A. (1998) Illustrated key to nymphs of the tick genus Amblyomma (Acari: Ixodidae) found in the United States. Journal of Medical Entomology, 35, (4), 489–495.

https://doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/35.4.489

Kluyber, D., Martins, T.F., Desbiez, A.J., Amorim, M., Massocato, G. & Labruna, M.B. (2016) Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting armadillos (Cingulata: Dasypodidae) in the Pantanal wetland, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Systematic and Applied Acarology, 21(8), 1087–1091.

https://doi.org/10.11158/saa.21.8.9

Koch, C.L. (1844) Systematische Übersicht über die Ordnung der Zecken. Archive fur Naturgeschichte, 10, 217–239.

Kohls, G.M., Clifford, C.M. & Jones, E.K. (1969) The systematics of the subfamily Ornithodorinae (Acarina: Argasidae). IV. Eight new species of Ornithodoros from the Western Hemisphere. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 62, (5), 1035–1043.

https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/62.5.1035

Krawczak, F.S., Martins, T.F., Oliveira, C.S., Binder, L.C., Costa, F.B. & Nunes, P.H. (2015) Amblyomma yucumense n. sp. (Acari: Ixodidae), a parasite of wild mammals in southern Brazil. Journal of Medical Entomology, 52, (1), 28–37.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jme/tju007

Labruna, M.B., Paula, C.D., Lima, T.F. & Sana, D.A. (2002) Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) on wild animals from the Porto Primavera hydroelectric power station area, Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 97, 1133–1136.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762002000800012

Labruna, M.B., Camargo, L.M., Terrassini, F.A., Ferreira, F., Schumaker, T.T.S. & Camargo, E.P. (2005) Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) from the state of Rondonia, western Amazon, Brazil. Systematic & Applied Acarology, 10, 17–32.

https://doi.org/10.11158/saa.10.1.4

Labruna, M.B., Terassini, F.A., Camargo, L.M.A., Brandão, P.E., Ribeiro, A.F. & Estrada-Peña, A. (2008) New reports of Antricola guglielmonei and Antricola delacruzi in Brazil, and a description of a new argasid species (Acari). The Journal of Parasitology, 94, (4), 788–792.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1645/GE-1447.1

Labruna, M.B. & Venzal, J.M. (2009) Carios fonsecai sp. nov. (Acari, Argasidae), a bat tick from the central-western region of Brazil. Acta Parasitologica, 54, 355–363.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-009-0051-1

Labruna, M.B., Marcili, A., Ogrzewalska, M., Barros-Battesti, D.M., Dantas-Torres, F., Fernandes, A.A., Leite, R.C. & Venzal, J.M. (2014) New records and human parasitism by Ornithodoros mimon (Acari: Argasidae). Brazil. Journal of Medical Entomology, 51, (1), 283–287.

https://doi.org/10.1603/ME13062

Labruna, M.B., Nava, S., Marcili, A., Barbieri, A.R.M., Nunes, P.H., Horta, M.C. & Venzal, J.M. (2016) A new argasid tick species (Acari: Argasidae) associated with the rock cavy, Kerodon rupestris Wied-Neuwied (Rodentia: Caviidae), in a semiarid region of Brazil. Parasites & Vectors, 9, 511.

https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-016-1796-7

Landulfo, G.A., Pevidor, L.V., Sampaio, J.S., Luz, H.R., Onofrio, V.C., Faccini, J.L. & Barros-Battesti, D.M. (2012) Life cycle of Ornithodoros mimon (Acari: Argasidae) under laboratory conditions. Experimenal and Applied Acarology, 58, (1), 69–80.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10493-012-9567–4

Lizaso, N.M. (1984) Fauna acarológica ectoparasita de serpentes não venenosas da região de construção de hidrelétricas (Sudeste, Centro-Oeste e Sul) do Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 2, (2), 77–84.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81751983000200006

Lopes, S.G., Andrade, G.C. & Costa-Júnior, L.M. (2010) A first record of Amblyomma dissimile (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitizing the lizard Ameiva ameiva (Teidae) in Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, 19, (4), 262–264.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612010000400015

Luz, H.R., Faccini, J.L.H., Pires, M.S., Da Silva, H.R. & Barros-Battesti, D.M. (2012) Life cycle and behavior of Amblyomma rotundatum (Acari: Ixodidae) under laboratory conditions and remarks on parasitism of toads in Brazil. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 60, 55–62.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-012-9628-8

Luz, H.R., Faccini, J.L.H. & Silva, H.R. (2015) Patterns of parasitism by Amblyomma rotundatum (Ixodidae) on Rhinella schneideri (Bufonidae) in islands of São Francisco River, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira, 35, 579–582.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-736X2015000600016

Martins, J.R., Monticelli, E.C., Onofrio, V.C., Barros-Battesti, D.M. & Doyle, R.L. (2007) Primeiro relato de Amblyomma fuscum Neumann, 1907 (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitando lagarto da espécie Tupinambis teguixin (L.), no município de Glorinha, Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, 16, (4), 246–247.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612007000400013

Martins, T.F., Onofrio, V.C., Barros-Battesti, D.M. & Labruna, M.B. (2010) Nymphs of the genus Amblyomma (Acari: Ixodidae) of Brazil: descriptions, redescriptions, and identification key. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 1, 75–99.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2010.03.002

Martins, T.F., Venzal, J.M., Terassini, F.A., Costa, F.B., Marcili, A., Camargo, L.M., Barrosbattesti, D.M. & Labruna, M.B. (2014) New tick records from the state of Rondônia, western Amazon, Brazil. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 62, (1), 121–128.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-013-9724-4

Martins, T.F., Teixeira, R.H.F. & Labruna, M.B. (2015) Ocorrência de carrapatos em animais silvestres recebidos e atendidos pelo Parque Zoológico Municipal Quinzinho de Barros, Sorocaba, São Paulo, Brasil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 52, (4), 319–324.

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.v52i4p319-324

Morais, D.H., Strüssmann, C., Carvalho, V.T. & Kawashita-Ribeiro, R.A. (2010) First record of Amblyomma rotundatum Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitizing Paleosuchus palpebrosus Cuvier, 1807 (Reptilia: Crocodylidae), in the western border of Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Herpetology Notes, 3, 133.

Morais, D.H, Carvalho, V.T., Bonora, L., Kawashita-Ribeiro, R.A. & Strüssmann, C. (2017) Patterns of parasitism by Amblyomma humerale (Acari: Ixodidae) on Chelonoidis denticulatus (Testudines: Testudinidae) in the Brazilian Midwest. Herpetological Review, 48, (2), 316–319.

Muñoz-Leal, S., Venzal, J.M., González-Acuña, D., Nava, S., Lopes, M.G., Martins, T.F., Figueroa, C., Fernández, N. & Labrunaet, M.B. (2016) A new species of Ornithodoros (Acari: Argasidae) from desert areas of northern Chile. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 7, (5), 901–910.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2016.04.008

Muñoz-Leal, S., Toledo, L.F., Venzal, J.M., Marcili, A., Martins, T.F., Acosta, I.C.L., Pinter, A. & Labruna, M.B. (2017) Description of a new soft tick species (Acari: Argasidae: Ornithodoros) associated with stream-breeding frogs (Anura: Cycloramphidae: Cycloramphus) in Brazil. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 8, 282–292.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2017.04.015

Nascimento, K.K.G., Veríssimo, S.M.M., Raia, V.A., Guimarães, R.C.S., Seade, G.C.C., Azeved, A.C.P., Matos, S.P., Oliveira, J.M., Bezerra, I.A. & Martins, T.F. (2017) Tick fauna of wild animals received and attended at the Santarém Zoological Park, western Pará State, Brazil. Ciência Rural, Santa Maria, 47, (10), e20170159.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20170159

Nava, S., Lareschi, M., Rebollo, C., Benítez Usher, C., Beati, L., Robbins, R.G., Durden, L.A., Mangold, A.J. & Guglielmone, A.A. (2007) The ticks (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae, Ixodidae) of Paraguay. Annals of the Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 101, (3), 255–270.

https://doi.org/10.1179/136485907X176319

Nava, S., Venzal, J.M., Terassini, F.A., Mangold, A.J., Camargo, L.M. & Labruna, M.B. (2010) Description of a new argasid tick (Acari: Ixodida) from bat caves in Brazilian Amazon. Journal of Parasitology, 96, 1089–1101.

https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-2539.1

Nava, S., Venzal, J.M., Terassini, F.A., Mangold, A.J., Camargo, L.M.A., Casás, G. & Labruna, M.A. (2013) Ornithodoros guaporensis (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae), a new tick species from the Guaporé River Basin in the Bolivian Amazon. Zootaxa, 3666, (4), 579–590.

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3666.4.10

Nava, S., Beati, L., Labruna, M.B., Cáceres, A.G., Mangold, A.J. & Guglielmone, A.A. (2014a) Reassessment of the taxonomic status of Amblyomma cajennense (Fabricius, 1787) with the description of three new species, Amblyomma tonelliae n. sp., Amblyomma interandinum n. sp. and Amblyomma patinoi n. sp., and reinstatement of Amblyomma mixtum, and Amblyomma sculptum (Ixodida: Ixodidae). Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 5, (3), 252–276.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2013.11.004

Nava, S., Mastropaolo, M., Mangold, A.J., Martins, T.F., Venzal, J.M. & Guglielmone, A.A. (2014b) Amblyomma hadanii n. sp. (Acari: Ixodidae), a tick from northwestern Argentina previously confused with Amblyomma coelebs Neumann, 1899. Systematic Parasitology, 88, (3), 261–272.

http://doi.org/10.1007/s11230-014-9500-9

Neumann, L.G. (1907) Quatre espèces nouvelles d’ixodidés. Notes from the Leyden Museum, 29(2), 88–100.

Oba, M.S.P. & Schumaker, T.T.S. (1983–1984) Estudo da biologia de Amblyomma rotundatum (Koch, 1844), em infestações experimentais de Bufo marinus (Linnaeus, 1758) son condições variadas de umidade relativa e de temperatura do ar. Memórias do Instituto Butantan, 47–48, 195–204.

Oda, F.H., Kitagawa, C., Noronha, J.D.C.D., Rodrigues, D.D.J., Martins, T.F., Valadão, M.C., de Carvalho L.m. & Campos, A.K. (2018). Amblyomma species infesting amphibians and reptiles in the seasonally dry Amazon forest, with new host records for Amblyomma rotundatum (Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae). Systematic and Applied Acarology, 23(2), 387–392.

https://doi.org/10.11158/saa.23.2.14

Ogrzewalska, M. & Pinter, A. (2016) Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) as ectoparasites of Brazilian wild birds and their association with rickettsial diseases. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 53, 1–31.

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.v53i1p1-31

Oliver, J.H., Hayes, M.P., Keirans, J.E. & Lavender, D.R. (1993) Establishment of the foreign partheonogenetic tick Amblyomma rotundatum (Acari: Ixodidae) in Florida. Journal of Parasitology, 79, 786–790.

https://doi.org/10.2307/3283624

Onofrio, V.C., Labruna, M.B., Pinter, A., Giacomin, F.G. & Barros-Battesti, D. (2006) Comentários e chaves para as espécies do gênero Amblyomma. In: Barros-Battesti, D.M., Arzua, M. & Bechara, G.H. (eds). Carrapatos de Importância Médico-veterinária da Região Neotropical: um Guia Ilustrado para Identificação de Espécies. ICTTD-3/Instituto Butantan, pp. 53–113.

Onofrio, V.C. (2007) Revisão do gênero Amblyomma Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) no Brasil [Tese]. Rio de Janeiro: Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro. Available from: http://www.dominiopublico.gov.br/pesquisa/DetalheObraForm.do?select_action=&co_obra=80113.

Pereira, J.S., Dias, C.E.V., Filgueira T.M.B., Freitas C.I.A & Ahid, S.M.M. (2012) Infestação por carrapatos em Boa constrictor constrictor (Linnaeus, 1758) de cativeiro, em Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte. Revista Brasileira de Zoociências, 14, (1, 2, 3), 41–44.

https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585-37.6.979

Pontes, J.A.L., Gazêta, G.S., Vrcibradic, D. & Rocha, C.F.D. (2009) Ecology of ticks in a taxocenosis of snakes from the Serra do Mendanha, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with new host records. Zoologia, 26, (2), 328–333.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1984-46702009000200016

Quirino, T.F., Alcantara, E.P., Ferreira-Silva, C., Ávila, R.W., Morais, D.H. & Silva, L.A.F. (2016) Tropidurus hispidus (Peter's Lava Lizard) Ectoparasite. Herpetological Review, 47, (2), 305–306.

Rodrigues, D.S., Maciel, R., Cunha, L.M., Leite, R.C. & Oliveira, P.R. (2010) Amblyomma rotundatum (Koch, 1844) (Acari: Ixodidae) two-host life-cycle on Viperidae snakes. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, 19, (3), 174–178.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612010000300009

Santos, E.D., Botelho, M.C.N. & Oliveira, J.B. (2002) Ectoparasitos de anfíbios anuros (Anura: Bufonidae) capturados na estação ecológica do Tapacura, São Lourenço da Mata, Pernambuco, Brasil. Entomologia y Vectores, 9, 105–113.

https://doi.org/10.1080/01647954.2016.1260637

Santos-Costa, M.C., Maschio, G.F. & Prudente, A.L.C. (2015) Natural history of snakes from Floresta Nacional de Caxiuanã, eastern Amazonia, Brazil. Herpetology Notes, 8, 69–98.

Schumaker, T.T.S. & Barros, D.M. (1994) Notes on the biology of Amblyomma dissimile Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodida) on Bufo marinus (Linnaeus, 1758) from Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 89, 29–31.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02761994000100006

Scofield, A., Bahia, M., Martins, A.L., Góescavalcante, G., Martins, T.F., Labruna, M.B. (2011) Amblyomma dissimile Koch (Acari: Ixodidae) Atacking Primolius maracana Vieillot (Psitaciformes: Psitacidae) in the Amazon Region, State of Pará, Brazil. Neotropical Entomology, 40, (4), 509–511.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2011000400017

Sinkoc, A.L. & Brum, J.G.W. (1997) Ocorrência de Amblyomma fuscum Neumann, 1899 e Amblyomma humerale Koch, 1844 (Acari: Ixodidae) em Bufo arenalis no estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Ciência Rural, 27, (2), 339–340.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84781997000200029

Szabó, M.P.J., Olegário, M.M.M. & Santos, A.L.Q. (2007) Tick fauna from two locations in the Brazilian savannah. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 43, 73–84.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-007-9096-8

Teixeira, G.M.S.L., Gomes, S.L., Dias, M.M.B., Pereira, J.S., Adid, S.M.M. & Freitas, C.I.A. (2014) Detecção de Amblyomma rotundatum (Koch, 1844) em cobra corre campo (Philodryas nattereri, steindachner, 1870). 40º CONBRAVET Congresso Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária. Salvador (BA) – Brasil, 40pp.

Teixeira, R.H.F., Amorim, M., Gazêta, G.S. & Serra-Freire, N.M. (2003) Ixodofauna de répteis cativos no Zoológico de Sorocaba, São Paulo, Brasil. Entomologia y Vectores, 10, (3), 319–329.

Venzal, J.M., Autino, A.G., Nava, S. & Guglielmone, A.A. (2004) Ornithodoros mimon Kohls, Clifford and Jones, 1969 (Acari: Argasidae) on Argentinean bats, and new records from Uruguay. Systematic and Applied Acarology, 9, (1), 37–39.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11158/saa.9.1.7

Venzal, J.M., Estrada-Peña, A., Mangold, A.J., González-Acuña, D. & Guglielmone, A.A. (2008) The Ornithodoros (Alectorobius) talaje species group (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae): description of Ornithodoros (Alectorobius) rioplatensis n.sp. from southern South America. Journal of Medical Entomology, 45, 832–840.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585(2008)45[832:toatsg]2.0.co;2

Venzal, J.M., Nava, S., Mangold, A.J., Mastropaolo, M., Casás, G. & Guglielmone, A.A. (2012) Ornithodoros quilinensis sp. nov. (Acari, Argasidae), a new tick species from the Chacoan region in Argentina. Acta Parasitologica, 57, 329–336.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/s11686-012-0034-5

Venzal, J.M., Nava, S., González-Acuña, D., Mangold, A.J., Muñoz Leal, S., Lado, P. & Guglielmone, A.A. (2013) A new species of Ornithodoros (Acari: Argasidae), parasite of Microlophus spp. (Reptilia: Tropiduridae) from northern Chile. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 4, 128–132.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2012.10.038

Venzal, J.M., González-Acuña, D., Muñoz-Leal, S., Mangold, A. & Nava, S. (2015) Two new species of Ornithodoros (Ixodida: Argasidae) from the Southern Cone of South America. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 66, 127–139.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10493-015-9883-6

Viana, L.A., Winck, G.R., Almeida-Santos, M., Telles, F.B.S., Gazêta, G.S. & Rocha, C.F.D. (2012) New host records for Amblyomma rotundatum (Acari: Ixodidae) from Grussaí restinga, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, 21, (3), 319–322.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612012000300028

Witter, R., Martins, T.F., Campos, A.K., Melo, A.L.T., Corrêa, S.H.R., Morgado, T.O., Wolf, R.W., May-Júnior, J.A., Sinkoc, A.L., Strüssmann, C., Aguiar, D.M., Ross, R.V., Semedo, T.B.F., Campos, Z., Desbiez, A.L.J., Labruna, M.B. & Pacheco, R.C. (2016) Rickettsial infection in ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) of wild animals in midwestern Brazil. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 7, (3), 415–423.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2015.12.019

Woehl, G. (2002) Infestação de Amblyomma rotundatum (Koch) (Acari, Ixodidae) em sapos Bufo ictericus (Spix) (Amphibia, Bufonidae): novo registro de hospedeiro. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 19, 329–333.

https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-81752002000200003

Wolf, R.F., Aragona, M., Muñoz-Leal, S., Pinto, L.B., Melo, A.L.T. & Braga, I.A. (2016) Novel Babesia and Hepatozoon agents infecting non-volant small mammals in the Brazilian Pantanal, with the first record of the ticks Ornithodoros guaporensis in Brazil. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 7, (3), 449–456.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2016.01.005


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


An international journal of the Systematic and Applied Acarology Society

ISSN 1362-1971