Some mesostigmatic mites (Acari: Parasitiformes) of Khuzestan Province, southwestern Iran

Sara Farahi, Parviz Shishehbor, Alireza Nemati


Animal droppings constitute an ephemeral habitat where specialized invertebrate communities including significant abundance of mites live together. In order to study the Mesostigmata mites associated with manure, samples were taken from different manure types of domestic animals and poultry in Ahvaz and its vicinity in Khuzestan Province, southwestern of Iran, over a period of two years (2015-2017). Here we report 20 species belonging to eight families of Mesostigmata, among which 14 species are new records for the fauna of Khuzestan Province. The genus and species Leitneria pugio (Karg, 1961) is newly recorded from Iran. The genus and species were previously only recorded in Europe. Also, Uroobovella varians Hirschmann & Zirngiebl-Nicol, 1962 is recorded for the first time from Iran based on deutonymph stage. We further provide collection data for each species along with a key for known Iranian species of the genus Uroobovella.


Mesostigmata; Manure-inhabiting mites; Uroobovella; Ahvaz; Iran.

Full Text:



Ahangaran, Y., Afshari, A., Saboori, A. & Kazemi, Sh. (2012) The fauna of the edaphic and dung dweller mites of the superfamily Eviphidoidea (Acari: Mesostigmata) in Nowshahr county, northern Iran. Taxonomy and Biosystematics, 4(12): 1–16.

Arjomandi, E., Kazemi, Sh. & Afshari, A. (2013) Fauna and diversity of the manure-inhabiting Mesostigmata (Acari) in Kerman County, South Eastern Iran. Persian Journal of Acarology, 2 (2): 253–263.

Athias-Henriot, C. (1961) Mésostigmates (Urop. excl.) edaphiques méditerraneens (Acaromorpha, Anactinotrichida) (collect. Prof. H. Franz et C. Athias-Henriot) Premièr Série. Acarologia, 3: 381–509.

Axtell, R.C. (1963) Acarina occurring in domestic animal manure. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 56: 628–633.

Babaeian, E. (2011) Faunistic survey of mite of the family Laelapidae and Macrochelidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) in Shahrekord city. M.Sc. Thesis, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran, 170 pp.

Babaeian, E., Kazemi, Sh., Seraj, A.A. & Nemati, A. (2011) Macrochelid mites (Acari: Mesostigmata) fauna in Shahrekord and Ahvaz, Iran. In: Kazemi, Sh. & Saboori, A. (Eds.) Abstract and Proceeding Book of the First Persian Congress of Acarology, Kerman, Iran, p. 8.

Berlese, A. (1889) Acari, Miriapoda, et Scorpiones hucusque in Italia reperta. Padova, 52: 1–10.

Berlese, A. (1903) Acari nuovi. Manipulus I. Redia, 1(2): 235–252.

Berlese, A. (1904) Acari nuovi, Manipulus II. Redia, 1(2): 258–280.

Berlese, A. (1918) Centuria quarta di Acari nuovi. Redia, 13: 115–190.

Canestrini, G. & Berlese, A. (1884) Sopra alcune nuove specie di Acari. Atti della Società Veneto-Trentina di Scienze Naturali residente in Padova, 9: 175–187.

Cicolani, B. (1992) Macrochelid mites (Acari: Mesostigmata) occurring in animal droppings in the pasture ecosystem in central Italy. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 40(1–4): 47–60.

Datta, A.K. (1985) Description of Forkosclerite assamensis gen. et sp. nov. and Ophiocelaeno sudhiri sp. nov. (Acari: Mesostigmata: Diplogyniidae) from Assam, India. Indian Journal of Acarology, 9(1–2): 42–47.

Dilipkumar, M. Ahadiyat, A. Mašán, P. & Seng Chuah, T. (2015) Mites (Acari) associated with Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Malaysia, with a revised list of the mites found on this weevil. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 18(2): 169–174.

Elmoghazy, M.M.E. & Shawer, S.S. (2013) Relationship between soil diversity and inhabitant mites (Acari). Acarines, 7: 41–45.

Evans, G.O. (1957) An introduction to the British Mesostigmata (Acarina) with keys to families and genera. Journal of Linnean Society of London, Zoology, 43(291): 203–259.

Farahi, S. Shishehbor, P. & Nemati, A. (2018) Bisexual and oedipal reproduction of Macrocheles muscaedomesticae (Acari, Macrochelidae) feeding on Musca domestica (Diptera, Muscidae) egg. Acarologia, 58(2): 430–441.

Foà, A. (1900) Esistono il polimorfismo e la partenogenesi nei Gamasidi (Laboratorio di anatomia comparata ella R. Università di Roma). Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana, 32: 121–149.

Gwiazdowicz, D.J. & Kmita, M. (2004) Mites (Acari, Mesostigmata) from selected microhabitats of the Ujscie warty national park. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Silvarum Colendarum Ratio et Industria Lignari, 3(2): 49–55.

Halliday, R.B. & Holm, E. (1987) Mites of the family Macrochelidae as predators of two species of dung-breeding pest flies. Entomophaga, 32: 333–338.

Hartini, S., Takaku, G., Kojima, J. & Katakura, H. (2005) Macrochelid mite fauna in the eastern part of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with description of two new species. Entomological Science, 8(2): 201–209.

Hirschmann, W. (1991) Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 528. Die Gangattung Oplitis Berlese, 1884: Artengruppen, Bestimmungstabellen, Diagnosen (Trachyuropodini, Oplitinae). Acarologie. Schriftenreihe für vergleichende Milbenkunde, 38: 1–106.

Hirschmann, W. & Kaczmarek, S. (1991) Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 530. Weltweite revision der ganggattung Sejus C.L. Koch 1836 (Trichopygidiina) - Neube schreibung von 26 Sejus arten, wiederbeschreibung der typenart. Acarologie. Schriftenreihe für vergleichende Milbenkunde, 38: 136–214.

Hirschmann, W. & Wiśniewski, J. (1982) Weltweite revision der Gattungen Dendrolaelaps Halbert 1915 und Longoseius Chant 1961 (Parasitiformes). Band 1. Beschreibung der Untergattungen und Arten, Bestimmungstabellen, Chätotaxie, Porotaxie. Acarologie. Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde, 29: 1–190.

Hirschmann, W. & Zirngiebl-Nicol, I. (1962) Uropodiden - Die Gattung Uroobovella Berlese, 1930 nov. comb. Teilgänge von Nenteria nov. comb. Erstversuch der Aufstellung eines Gangsystems der Uropodiden aufgrund der Gnathosoma-unterseite und Chelicere. Acarologie. Schriftenreihe für vergleichende Milbenkunde, 6: 57–80.

Hyatt, K.H. & Emberson, R.M. (1988) A review of the Macrochelidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) of the British Isles. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology, 54: 63–125.

Ito, Y. (1970) Preliminary surveys on macrochelid and some other mesostigmatid mites occurring in the experimentally deposited live-stock dungs as predators of muscid flies. Medical Entomology and Zoology, 21 (4): 205–208.

Kaczmarek, S. & Marquardt, T. (2008) contribution to the biodiversity of mites (Acari: Mesostigmata) of Tarchankut peninsula (Crimea). In: Bertrand, M., Kreiter, S., McCoy, K.D., Migeon, A., Navajas, M., Tixier, M.S., Vial, L. (Eds.) Integrative Acarology. Proceedings of the 6th European Congress of Acarology. European Association of Acarolgists, Montpellier, pp. 83–187.

Kamali, K., Ostovan, H. & Atamehr, A. (2001) A catalog of mites & ticks (Acari) of Iran. Islamic Azad University Scientific Publication Center, 192 pp.

Karg, W. (1961) Zur Systematik der Rhodacaridae Oudemans 1902 (Acarina, Parasitiformes). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 166: 127–135.

Karg, W. (1962) Zur Systematik und postembryonalen Entwicklung der Gamasiden (Acarina : Parasitiformes) landwirtschaftlich genutzter. Bodenbiozonose. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin, 38: 23–119.

Karg, W. (1989) Acari (Acarina), Milben Unterordnung Parasitiformes (Anactinochaeta) Uropodina Kramer, Scheldkrötenmilben. Gustav Fischer Verlag, 203 pp.

Karg, W. (1993) Acari (Acarina), Milben Parasitiformes (Anactinochaeta) Cohors Gamasina Leach. Raubmilben. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands, 59: 523 pp.

Kazemi, Sh. & Rajaei, A. (2013) An annotated checklist of Iranian Mesostigmata (Acari), excluding the family Phytoseiidae. Persian Journal of Acarology, 2(1): 63–158.

Koch, C.L. (1839) Deutschlands Crustaceen, Myriapoden und Arachniden. Ein Beitrag zur deutschen Fauna. Herausgegeben von. Dr. Herrich-Schäffer. Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg, 27: 1–24.

Kontschán, J. (2013) Free living mesostigmatid mites (Acari: Mesostigmata: Uropodina: et Antennophorina) of the Hungarian Transdanubian. Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, 116 pp.

Kontschán, J., Park, S.J. Yoon, T.J. & Choi, W.Y. (2012) New Uropodina records and species from the Korean Peninsula (Acari: Mesostigmata). Opuscula Zoologica Budapest, 43(2): 169–177.

Krantz, G.W. (1983) Mite as biological control agents of dung-breeding flies, with special reference to the Macrochelidae. In: Hoy, M., Cunningham, G.L. and Knutson, L. (Eds.), Biological Control of Pests by Mites, University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 91–98.

Leitner, E. (1946a) Zur Kenntnis der Milbenfauna auf Dungerstatten. Zentralblatt für das Gesamtgebiet der. Entomologie, 1(3): 75–95.

Leitner, E. (1946b) Zur Kenntnis der Milbenfauna auf Dungerstatten. Zentralblatt für das Gesamtgebiet der. Entomologie, 1(5–6): 129–156.

Leitner E. (1949) Zur Kenntnis der Gattung Digamasellus Berlese 1905. Zentralblatt für das Gesamtgebiet der Entomologie Lienz, 3: 51–62.

Lindquist, E.E., Krantz, G.W. & Walter, D.E. (2009) Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G.W. and Walter, D.E. (Eds.), A manual of Acarology, 3rd ed. Texas tech University Press, pp. 124–232.

Mesbah, H.A., Darwish, E.T.E., Salem, S.E. & Zayed, T.M. (2008) Associations of three gamasid mite species with the red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Oliv.) in infested date palm farms in Beheira, Egypt. Minufiya Journal of Agricultural Research, 33: 1543–1551.

Moraza, M.L. (2010) Effects of reforestation with conifers on the communities of mesostigmatic mites in northern Spain (Acari: Mesostigmata). In: Sabelis, M.W. and Bruin, J. (Eds.), Trends in Acarology: Proceedings of the 12th International Congress, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 129–133.

Müller, J. (1860) Insekten Epizoen der mährischen Fauna. Jahrbuch der Königlich-Kaiserlichen Mährisch-Schlesischen Gesellschaft für Ackerbrau, Naturkunde und Landeskunde, 157–184.

Müller, O.F. (1776) Zoologiae Danicae prodromus, seu animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Typis Hallageriis, Havniae, 283 pp.

Nemati, A., Riahi, E., Khalili-Moghadam, A. & Gwiazdowicz, D.J. (2018) A catalogue of the Iranian Mesostigmata (Acari): additions and updates of the previous catalogue. Persian Journal of Acarology, 7(2): 115–191.

O'Donnell, A.E. & Axtell, R.C. (1965) Predation by Fuscuropoda vegetans (Acarina: Uropodidae) on the house fly (Musca domestica). Annual of Entomological Society of America, 58(3): 403–404.

Oudemans, A.C. (1902) Entomologische Aanteekeningen. Entomologische Berichten, 3(1): 16–17.

Pereira, M.C.S.A., Kontschán, J., Bernardi, L.F.O. & Hermes, M.G. (2016) Description of a new species of Oplitis Berlese, 1884, and the first record of a phoretic uropodid mite (Acari: Oplitidae) on a Neotropical solitary wasp (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Zootaxa, 4067(3): 394–400.

Plumari, M. & Kazemi, Sh. (2012) Redescription and neotype designation of Lobogynium sudhiri (Datta) (Acari: Diplogyniidae), a mite associated with beetles of the genus Atholus (Thomson) (Coleoptera: Histeridae) in the Palaearctic region. Zootaxa, 3352: 1–16.

Rodriguez, J.C., Singh, P. & Taylor, B. (1970) Manure mites and their role in fly control. Journal of Medical Entomology, 7: 335–341.

Schelvis, J. (1991) Predatory mites (Acari: Gamasida) as specific dung indicators in archaeology. Proceedings of the section Experimental and Applied Entomology of the Netherlands Entomological Society, 2: 8–13.

Scopoli, J.A. (1772) Annus V. historico-naturalis. Lipsiae, 8–128.

Skorupski, M. & Gwiazdowicz, D.J. (1998) Roztocze (Acari, Mesostigmata) nowe dla nauki i fauny Polski wykazane z Pienin od roku 1990. Pieniny - Przyroda i Człowiek, 6: 83–87.

Wissuwa, J., Salamon, J.A. & Frank, T. (2012) Effects of habitat age and plant species on predatory mites (Acari, Mesostigmata) in grassy arable fallows in Eastern Austria. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 50: 96–107.

Zakeri, V., Kamali, K., & Hajiqanbar, H.R. (2012) Coprophage and edaphic mites of the families Macrochelidae and Pachylaelapidae in eastern region of Golestan province, Iran. Journal of Iranian Plant Pests Research, 1(1): 17–23.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Persian Journal of Acarology

License URL: