DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22073/pja.v7i3.37647

Diversity of soil mite communities in different habitats of Saskhori quarries, Georgia

Maka Murvanidze, Nino Todria, Levan Mumladze, Levan Kalatozishvili

Abstract


Faunal diversity of the oribatid and mesostigmatid mites was investigated in four habitats (woodland, hemy-xerophiticshrubs, degraded steppe and perennial calcareous and oligotrophic grassland) of Saskhori limestone quarry. Mining processes are not yet started and semi-natural ecosystems are still preserved. Fifty one species of oribatidmites and nine morphospecies of mesostigmatid mites were identified. Two species of mesostigmatid mites ZerconmonigenusBłaszak, 1972and TrachytesstammeniHirschmannetZirngiebl-Nicol, 1969are new records for Caucasian fauna and two more - Proprioseiopsismessor(Wainstein, 1960) and Neoseiulus montanus (Wainstein, 1962a)(both Gamasina) are new for Georgia. Highest number of species was recorded on perennial calcareous and oligotrophic grasslands (43), which were followed by forests (37) and shrubs (25). Degraded steppes were extremely poor by soil mite species – only three oribatid species and no mesostigmatans were recorded there. Overall faunal composition indicateshabitat specific anthropogenic disturbance in studied habitats and less disturbed harboring important rare and sensitive species of mites.

Keywords


Oribatida, Mesostigmata, Saskhori quarry, HeidelbergCementCaucasus

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ghilarov, M.C. & Bregetova, N.G. (1977) Identification keys of soil inhabiting mites Mesostigmata. Moscow, Nauka. 716 pp. (In Russian).

Ghilarov, M.S. & Krivolutsky, D.A. (1975) Identification keys of soil inhabiting mites, Sarcopti-formes. Moscow, Nauka, 375 pp. (In Russian).

Karg, W. (1993) Acari (Acarina), Milben. Parasitiformes (Anactinochaeta). Cohort Gamasina Leach Raubmilben. 2., überarbeitete Auflage. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands. 59 Teil. Jena, Gustav Fischer Verlag, 523 pp.

Lindquist, E.E., Kranz, G.W. & Walter, D.E. (2009) Order Mesostigmata. In: Walter & Kranz (Eds.), A manual of Acarology. 3rdedition. Texas Tech University Press, pp. 124–232

Magurran, A. (2004) Measuring biological diversity. Blackwell Publishing, 215 pp.

Maraun, M. & Scheu, St. (2000) The structure of oribatid mite communities (Acari, Oribatida): patterns, mechanisms and implications for future research. Ecography, 23(3): 374–383.

Murvanidze, M., Kvavadze, Er., Mumladze, L. & Arabuli, T. (2011) Comparison of earthworm (Lumbricidae) and oribatid mite (Acari, Oribatida) in natural and urban ecosystems. Vestnik Zoologii, 45: 233–241

Murvanidze, M., Mumladze, L., Arabuli, T. & Kvavadze, Er. (2013) Oribatid mite colonization on sand and manganese tailing sites. Acarologia, 53(2): 127–139.

Murvanidze, M. & Mumladze, L. (2016) Annotated checklist of Georgian oribatid mites. Zootaxa, 4089(1): 1–81.

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4089.1.1

Murvanidze, M. & Todria N. (2015) Oribatida diversity on limestone and clay quarries. Proceedings of the Institute of Zoology, 24: 159–169

Murvanidze, M. & Weigmann, G. (2007) New Carabodidae (Acari, Oribatida) of Georgia. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 150: 193–200.

Nakhutsrishvili, G. (2012) The vegetation of Georgia (South Caucasus). Springer-Verlag, Vienna, 236 pp.

Restoration concept. (2012) Saskhori quarry. HeidelbergCement Caucasus, Ltd., 42 pp.

Schatz, H., Behan-Pelletier, V.M., OConnor, B.M. & Norton, R.A. (2011) Suborder Oribatida van der Hammen, 1968. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.), Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148: 141–148.

Skubala, P. (1995) Moss mites (Acarina: Oribatida) on industrial dumps of different ages. Pedobiologia, 39: 170–184

Stefaniak, O. & Seniczak S. (1981) The effect of fungal diet on the development of Oppia nitens (Acari, Oribatei) and on the microflora of its alimentary tract. Pedobiologia, 21: 202–210.

Weigmann, G. (2006) Hornmilben (Oribatida). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands. 76 Teil. Keltern, Goecke & Evers, 520 pp.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Persian Journal of Acarology

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/fr/deed.en_GB