DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22073/pja.v7i2.34812

Otobius megnini (Acari: Argasidae) in Iran: exotic or established?

Asadollah Hosseini Chegeni, Javad Khedri, Zakkyeh Telmadarraiy, Faezeh Faghihi

Abstract


Otobius megnini is a tick species which it's larvae and nymphs feed deep in the external ear canal of a variety of ungulates. In this study, twelve adult and four nymph specimens were collected from cattle hosts in Sistan and Baluchestan, and Hamedan Provinces. The specimens were identified using morphological key and the datawas confirmed by molecular assays. In the present study, we could find O. megnini in tick fauna of Iran with new hosts for this species.


Keywords


Cattle; molecular assay; COI; soft tick; spinose ear tick.

Full Text:

PDF

References


References

Bates, P.G. (2012) External parasites of small ruminants, a practical guide to their prevention and control. CABI, Oxford, UK. 256 pp.

Bowman, D.D., Hendrix, C.M., Lindsay, D.S. & Barr, S.C. (2002) Feline clinical parasitology. Iowa State University Press, Iowa USA, 359 pp.

Bursali, A., Keskin, A. & Tekin, S. (2012) A review of the ticks (Acari: Ixodida) of Turkey: species diversity, hosts and geographical distribution. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 57 (1): 91–104.

Colbenson, H. (1962) Spinose ear tick, Ornithodoros (Otobius) megnini, from pronghorn antelope. The Journal of Parasitology, 48 (4): 630–630.

Diyes, G. & Rajakaruna, R. (2016) Seasonal dynamics of spinose ear tick Otobius megnini associated with horse otoacariasis in Sri Lanka. Acta tropica, 159 170–175.

Doyle, J.J. & Doyle, J.L. (1987) A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochemical Bulletin, 19: 11–15.

Drummond, A.J., Suchard, M.A., Xie, D. & Rambaut, A. (2012) Bayesian phylogenetics with BEAUti and the BEAST 1.7. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 29(8): 1969–1973.

Estrada-Peña, A. & Jongejan, F. (1999) Ticks feeding on humans: a review of records on human-biting ixodoidea with special reference to pathogen transmission. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 23(9): 685–715.

Estrada‐Peña, A., Nava, S., Horak, I.G. & Guglielmone, A.A. (2010) Using ground‐derived data to assess the environmental niche of the spinose ear tick, Otobius megnini. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 137(2): 132–142.

Folmer, O., Black, M., Hoeh, W., Lutz, R. & Vrijenhoek, R. (1994) DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Molecular Marine Biology and Biotechnology, 3(5): 294–299.

Guglielmone, A., Mangold, A. & Aufranc, C. (1992) Haemaphysalis juxtakochi, Ixodes pararicinus (Ixodidae) and Otobius megnini (Argasidae) in relation to the phytogeography of Argentina. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparee, 67(3): 91–93 (In French).

Gouy, M., Guindon, S. & Gascuel, O. (2010) SeaView version 4: a multiplatform graphical user interface for sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree building. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 27 (2): 221–224.

Hoogstraal, H. (1972) The influence of human activity on tick distribution, density, and diseases. Wiadomosci Parazytologiczne, 18 (4–6): ‎501–511‎.

Jellison, W., Bell, E., Huebner, R., Parker, R. & Welsh, H. (1948) Q fever studies in southern California: IV. occurrence of Coxiella burneti in the spinose ear tick, Otobius megnini. Public Health Reports (1896-1970), 63(46): 1483–1489.

Jensen, L.A., Snow, R.L. & Clifford, C.M. (1982) Spinöse ear tick, Otobius megnini attached to the conjunctiva of a child's eye. The Journal of Parasitology, 68(4): 528.

Kaufmann, J. (1996) Parasitic infections of domestic animals: a diagnostic manual. Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, Switzerland, 423 pp.

Keirans, J.E. (1992) Systematics of the Ixodida (Argasidae, Ixodidae, Nuttalliellidae): an overview and some problems. In: Fivaz, B., Petney, T. and Horak, I.G. (Eds.), Tick vector biology: medical and veterinary aspects. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Germany, pp. 1–21.

Keirans, J.E. & Pound, J.M. (2003) An annotated bibliography of the spinose ear tick, Otobius megnini (Dugès, 1883) (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae) 1883–2000. Systematic and Applied Acarology Special Publications, 13 (1): 1-68.

Kingston, J. (1936) Spinose ear tick in India. Journal of the Royal Army Veterinary Corps, 7: 142–143.

Kumar, S., Stecher, G. & Tamura, K. (2016) MEGA7: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 33 (7): 1870–1874.

Munaó Diniz, L., Belluomini, H., Travassos Filho, L. & da Rocha, M. (1987) Presence of the ear mite Otobius megnini in the external ear canal of lions (Panthera leo). The Journal of Zoo Animal Medicine, 18(4): 154–155.

Nava, S. & Guglielmone, A.A. (2009) Difficulties to control natural infestation with Otobius megnini (Acari: Argasidae) nymphs in cattle with systemic biocides. Research in Veterinary Science, 87 (2): 258–259.

Nava, S., Mangold, A.J. & Guglielmone, A.A. (2009) Field and laboratory studies in a neotropical population of the spinose ear tick, Otobius megnini. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 23(1): 1–5.

Nuttall, G.H.F., Warburton, C., Cooper, W.F. & Robinson, L.E. (1908). Part 1. The Argasidae. In: Nuttall, G.H.F., Warburton, C., Cooper, W.F. & Robinson, L.E. (Eds.), Ticks: A monograph of the Ixodidae. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 1–80.

Paktinat Saeej, S., Sadeghi Namaghi, H., Monfaredi, F. & Panahi Laeen, H. (2012) Fauna of Ixodidae and Argasidae (Acari: Metastigmata) associated with domestic animals in Razavi Khorasan province, Iran. Proocedings of the 20th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, Shiraz, Iran, p. 463.

Rahbari, S., Taghipour-Bazargani, T. & Seifollahy, M. (1990) The first report of occurrence of Otobius megnini in Iran. Journal of Veterinary, 45: 81–93.

Rich, G. & Gregson, J. (1968) The first discovery of free-living larvae of the ear tick, Otobius megnini (Duges), in British Columbia. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 65: 22–23.

Schad, G. (1958) First report of Ornithodorus (Otobius) megnini from the pronghorn antelope, antilocapra americana. The Journal of Parasitology, 44(5): 514–514.

Walker, A.R., Bouattour, A., Camicas, J.L., Estrada-Peña, A., Horak, I.G., Latif, A.A., Pegram, R.G. & Preston, P.M. (2007) Ticks of domestic animals in Africa: a guide to identification of species. Bioscience Reports, Edinburgh, UK., 221 pp.

White, S.D., Scott, K.V. & Cheney, J.M. (1995) Otobius megnini infestation in three dogs. Veterinary Dermatology, 6(1): 33–35.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Persian Journal of Acarology

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/fr/deed.en_GB