Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

ON TWO PARTIALLY KNOWN SPECIES OF THE GENUS GAMMARUS LEACH 1813/14 (FAM. GAMMARIDAE) FROM ASIA MINOR (TURKEY) (CONTRIBUTION TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE AMPHIPODA 304)

Gordan S. Karaman

Abstract


Two only partially known species of the family Gammaridae (Crustacea Amphipoda), Gammarus werneri (S. Karaman 1934) and Gammarus paraorientalis G. Kar. (new comb.) are treated. Rivulogammarus kesslerianus werneri ssp. n. has been shortly described by S. Karaman (1934) from Iznik (Asia Minor, NE Turkey) and later considered synonym of Gammarus balcanicus Schäferna 1922 (G. Karaman, 2003).

Based on detailed study of holotype and one more recent sample of the same species from Iznik, this species is redescribed, figured and elevated to the species rank, Gammarus werneri (S. Karaman, 1934), belonging to Gammarus balcanicus Complex,

Rivulogammarus balcanicus orientalis ssp. n. has been described by S. Karaman (1934) from Derbend [eastern site of Erdschias- dag (=Erciyas-dagi), Asia Minor (Turkey)]. Recently this species was redescribed and figured as distinct species, Gammarus orientalis (S. Karaman, 1934) from type locality and adjacent localities (G. Karaman, 2017). The new study showed that the name Gammarus orientalis is “nomen preoccupatum”, because the species under the same name has been described by Dana (1852) from Sundai, and new name for G. orientalis from Iznik is proposed, Gammarus paraorientalis G. Kar. (new name).

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dana, J.D. (1852) Conspectus Crustaceorum quae in orbis terrarum circumnavigatione, Carolo Wilkes e classe Reipublicae Faederatae Duce, lexit et descripsit Jacobus D. Dana. Pars III. Subtribus I. Gammaridea] (Amphipoda. No.I.). Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2, 201-220.

Karaman, G. (1969) XXVII. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Amphipoden. Arten der Genera Echinogammarus Stebb. und Chaetogammarus Mart. an der jugoslawischer Adriaküste. Glasnik Republičkog zavoda za zaštitu prirode i Prirodnjačke zbirke u Titogradu, 2, 59-84.

Karaman, G. (1977) Contribution to the Knowledge of the Amphipoda 90. Revision of Gammarus balcanicus Schäf. 1922 in Yugoslavia (Fam. Gammaridae). Poljoprivreda i šumarstvo, Titograd, 23 (4), 37-60..

Karaman, G. & Pinkster, S. (1987) Freshwater Gammarus species from Europe, North Africa and adjacent regions of Asia (Crustacea-Amphipoda). Part.III. Gammarus balcanicus-Group and related species. Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde, Amsterdam, 57 (2), 207-260.

Karaman, G. (2003) New data on some Gammaridean Amphipods (Amphipoda, Gammaridea) from Palearctic. (Contribution to the Knowledge of the Amphipoda 245). Glasnik Odjeljenja prirodnih nauka, Crnogorska akademija nauka i umjetnosti, Podgorica,15: 21-37.

Karaman, G. (2017) New data of poorly known species Gammarus orientalis S. Karaman, 1934 (Family Gammaridae) from Asia Minor (Contribution to the Knowledge of the Amphipoda 292). Ecologica Montenegrina, 7, 639-653.

Karaman, S. (1929) II. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Amphipoden Jugoslaviens. Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Bosni i Hercegovini, Sarajevo, 41 (1), 83-100.

Karaman, S. (1931a) III. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Ampipoden Jugoslaviens, sowie einiger Arten aus Griechenland. Prirodoslovne Razprave, Ljubljana, 1, 31-68.

Karaman, S. (1931b) 4. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Süsswasser-Amphipoden. Glasnik Skopskog Naučnog Društva, Odelenje Prirodnih Nauka, Skoplje, 9 (3), 93-107.

Karaman, S. (1934) Über asiatische Süsswassergammariden. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 106 (5/6), 127-134.

Mamos, T., Wattier, R., Majda, A., Sket. B & Grabowski, M. (2014) Morphological vs. molecular delineation of taxa across montane regions in Europe: the case study of Gammarus balcanicus Schaferna, 1922 (Crustacea: Amphipoda). J. Zoolog. Syst. Evol. Research pp. 1-12. doi: 10.1111/jzs.12062

Martynov, A. (1931) Zur Kenntnis der Amphipoden der Krim. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere, 60 (5-6), 573-606.

Stock, J.H. (1969) Notes and news. Rivulogammarus, an Amphipod name that must be reyected. Crustaceana, 17 (1), 106-107.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.