Gymnopilus purpureosquamulosus Høil. (Agaricales, Basidiomycota): a new distributional record from India

Krishnendu Acharya, Soumitra Paloi, Arun Kumar Dutta, Rimpa Sikder, Tulika Saha


Gymnopilus purpureosquamulosus Høil (Strophariaceae) is reported for first time from India. A comprehensive description, a photograph, and comparisons with morphologically similar and phylogenetically related species are provided.


new record; nrDNA; phylogenetic analysis; West Bengal; wood-inhabiting fungi

Full Text:



Acharya, K., S. Paloi, A.K. Dutta & I. Bera. 2015. Entoloma shandongense T. Bau & J.R. Wang (Agaricales, Entolomataceae): a new distributional record from India. Check List 11(4): 1683. doi: 10.15560/11.4.1683

Darriba, D., G.L. Taboada, R. Doallo & D. Posada. 2012. jModelTest 2: more models, new heuristics and parallel com­puting. Nature Methods 9(8): 772. doi: 10.1038/nmeth.2109

Dutta, A.K., S. Paloi, P. Pradhan & K. Acharya. 2015. A new species of Russula (Russulaceae) from India based on morphological and molecular (ITS sequence) data. Turkish Journal of Botany 39: 850–856. doi: 10.3906/bot-1407-1

Farook, V.A., S.S. Khan & P. Manimohan. 2013. A checklist of agarics (gilled mushrooms) of Kerala state, India. Mycosphere 4(1): 97–131. doi: 10.5943 /mycosphere/4/1/6

Guzmán-Dávalos, L. 2006. A New Bluing, Probably Hallucinogenic Species of Gymnopilus P. Karst. (Agaricomycetideae) from Mexico. International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 8(3): 289–293. doi: 10.1615/intjmedmushr.v8.i3.110

Guzmán-Dávalos, L., M. Contu, A. Ortega, A. Vizzini, M. Herrera, C. Ovrebo, A. Rodriguez, A.A.R. Villalobos, V. Palomera, G. Vergas & A. Senterre. 2008. New morphological and molecular data on Gymnopilus purpureosquamulosus and its phylogenetic relationships among similar species. Sydowia 60(1): 41–56.

Guzmán-Dávalos, L., M.G. Mueller, J. Cifuentes, N.A. Miller & A. Santerre. 2003. Traditional infrageneric classification of Gymnopilus is not supported by ribosomal DNA sequence data. Mycologia 95(6): 1204–1214. doi: 10.2307/3761920

Hesler, L.R. 1969. North American species of Gymnopilus (Mycologia memoir series 3). Knoxville: Lubrecht & Cramer. 117 pp.

Høiland, K. 1998. Gymnopilus purpureosquamulosus and G. ochraceus spp. nov. (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) — two new species from Zimbabwe. Mycotaxon 69: 81–85.

Holec, J. 2005. The genus Gymnopilus (Fungi, Agaricales) in the Czech Republic with respect to collections from other European countries. Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Series B – Historia Naturalis 61(1–2): 1–52.

Kaur, H., M. Kaur & H. Rather. 2015. Species of Gymnopilus P. Karst: new to India. Mycosphere 6(1): 165–173. doi: 10.5943/mycosphere/6/2/7

Kirk, P.M., P.F. Cannon, D.W. Minter & J.A. Stalpers (eds.) 2008. Dictionary of fungi, 10th edn. CABI Publishing, UK.

Kornerup, A. & J.H. Wanscher. 1978. Methuen handbook of colour. London: Eyre Methuen. 252 pp.

Kühner, R. 1980. Les hyménomycetes agaricoïdes (Agaricales, Tricholomatales, Pluteales, Russulales): étude générale et classification. Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 49: 1–1027.

Kulkarni, S.M. 1990. Contributions to lignicolous Basidiomycetes flora of S.W. India — II. Geobios New Reports 9(1): 14–17.

Kumar, S., H. Kour & Y.P. Sharma. 2014. A contribution to the Agarics of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Mushroom Research 23 (1): 1–4.

Manjula, B. 1983. A revised list of the agaricoid and boletoid Basidiomycetes from India and Nepal. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B 92(2): 81–213.

Miller, M.A., M.T. Holder, R. Vos, P.E. Midford, T. Liebowitz, L. Chan, P. Hoover & T. Warnow. 2009. The CIPRES Portals. Accessed at, accessed on 20/02/2017.

Ministry of Environment & Forests. 2011. Tamil Nadu State of Environment and Related Issues. Govt. of India. Accessed at, accessed on 15/02/2017.

Murrill, W.A. 1913. The Agaricaceae of tropical North America VI. Ochre-spored genera (cont.). Mycologia 5(1): 18–36. doi: 10.2307/3753222

Neves, M.A., I.G. Baseia, E.R. Drechsler-Santos & A. Góes-Neto. 2013. Guide to the common fungi of semiarid region of Brazil. TECC Editora, Florianópolis. 142 pp.

Pradhan P., A.K. Dutta, A. Roy, S.K. Basu & K. Acharya. 2013. Macrofungal diversity and habitat specificity: a case study. Biodiversity 14(3): 147–161. doi: 10.1080/14888386.2013.805660

Pradhan, P., A.K. Dutta & K. Acharya. 2015. A low cost long term preservation of macromycetes for fungarium. Protocol Exchange. doi: 10.1038/protex.2015.026

Ronquist, F., M. Teslenko, P. van der Mark, D.L. Ayres, A. Darling, S. Höhna, B. Larget, L. Liu, M.A. Suchard & J.P. Huelsenbeck. 2012. MrBayes 3.2: efficient Bayesian phylogenetic inference and model choice across a large model space. Systematic Biology 61: 539–542. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/sys029.

Singer, R. 1951. The Agaricales in modern taxonomy. Lilloa 22: 561.

Singer, R. 1986. The Agaricales in modern taxonomy. Koenigstein: Koeltz Scientific Books. 981 pp.

Smith, A.H. 1949. Mushrooms in their natural habitats. New York: Hafner Press. 626 pp.

Stamatakis, A. 2014. RAxML version 8: a tool for phylogenetic analysis and post-analysis of large phylogenies. Bioinformatics 30(9): 1312–1313

Thomas, A.K., L. Guzmán-Dávalos & P. Manimohan. 2003. A new species and new records of Gymnopilus from India. Mycotaxon 85: 297–305.

Thompson, J.D., T.J. Gibson, F. Plewinak, F. Jeanmougin, D.G. Higgins. 1997. The Clustal X windows interface: flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools. Nucleic Acid Research 24: 4876–4882.

White, T.J., T. Bruns, S. Lee & J. Taylor. 1990. Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics; pp. 315–322, in: M.A. Innis, D.H. Gelfand, J.J. Sninsky & T.J. White (eds.). PCR Protocols: A Guide to Methods and Applications. London: Academic Press. doi: