Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3972.3.3

Descriptions of four kleptoparasitic spiders of the genus Mysmenopsis (Araneae, Mysmenidae) and their potential host spider species in the genus Linothele (Araneae, Dipluridae) from Ecuador

NADINE DUPÉRRÉ, ELICIO TAPIA

Abstract


Four new species of the genus Mysmenopsis are described: M. onorei n. sp., M. otonga n. sp., M. fernandoi n. sp. and M. chiquita n. sp. All species were collected in diplurid webs and are therefore assumed to be kleptoparasitic. Five potential host species of the genus Linothele (Dipluridae) that were collected with the symbionts are also described: Linothele yanachanka n. sp., L. pukachumpi n. sp., L. zaia n. sp., L. tsachilas n. sp. and L. quori n. sp.


Keywords


Spider, Symbionts, Kleptoparasitism, Natural History, Araneae, Ecuador

Full Text:

PDF/A (15.26 MB)

References


Ausserer, A. (1871) Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Arachniden-Familie der Territelariae Thorell (Mygalidae Autor). Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 21, 117–224.

Baert, L. & Murphy, J. (1987) Kilifia inquilina, a new mysmenid spider from Kenya (Araneae, Mysmenidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 7, 194–196.

Baert, L.L. (1990) Mysmenidae (Araneae) from Peru. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Entomologie, 60, 5–18.

Bertkau, P. (1880) Verzeichniss der von Prof. Ed. van Beneden auf seiner im Auftrage der Belgischen Regierung unternommen wissenschaftlichen Reise nach Brasilien und La Plata im Jahren 1872-73 gensammelten Arachniden. Mémoires Couronnés et Mémoires des Savants Étrangers de l'Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, 4, 1–120.

Brignoli, P.M. (1983) A catalogue of the Araneae described between 1940 and 19, 1981. Manchester University Press, 755 pp.

Bryant, E.B. (1940) Cuban spiders in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard, 86, 247–554. Available from: https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2776159#page/335/mode/1up

Caporiacco, L. di (1947) Diagnosi preliminari de specie nuove di aracnidi della Guiana Brittanica raccolte dai professori Beccari e Romiti. Monitore Zoologico Italiano, 56, 20–34.

Chamberlin, R.V. (1916) Results of the Yale Peruvian Expedition of 1911. The Arachnida. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 60, 177–299.

Coyle, F.A. & Meigs, T.E. (1989) Two new species of kleptoparasitic Mysmenopsis (Araneae, Mysmenidae) from Jamaica. Journal of Arachnology, 17, 59–70. Available from: https://www.americanarachnology.org/JoA_tocs/JOA_contents_v17n1.html

Eberhard, W.G., Platnick, N.I. & Schuh, R.T. (1993) Natural history and systematics of arthropod symbionts (Araneae; Hemiptera; Diptera) inhabiting webs of the spider Tengella radiata (Araneae, Tengellidae). American Museum Novitates, 3062, 1–17.

Gertsch, W.J. (1960) Descriptions of American spiders of the family Symphytognathidae. American Museum Novitates, 1981, 1–40. Available from: https://hdl.handle.net/2246/4388

Goloboff, P.A. (1994) Linothele cavicola, a new diplurine spider (Araneae, Dipluridae) from caves in Ecuador. Journal of Arachnology, 22, 70–72.

Griswold, C.E. (1985) Isela okuncana, a new genus and species of kleptoparasitic spider from southern Africa (Araneae: Mysmenidae). Annals of the Natal Museum, 27, 207–217.

Griswold, C.E. Coddington, J., Hormiga, G. & Scharff, N. (1998) Phylogeny of the orb-web building spiders (Araneae, Orbiculariae: Deinopoidea, Araneoidea). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 123, 1–99.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1998.tb01290.x

Karsch, F. (1879) Arachnologische Beitrage. Zeitschrift für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften, 52, 534–562.

Kraus, O. (1955) Spinnen aus El Salvador (Arachnoidea, Araneae). Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 493, 1–112.

Kulczyński, W. (1909) Fragmenta Arachnologica. XI-XIII. Bulletin International de l'Academie des Sciences de Cracovie, 1909, 427–472.

Levi, H.W. (1956) The spider genus Mysmena in the Americas (Araneae, Theridiidae). American Museum Novitates, 1801, 1–13.

https://hdl.handle.net/2246/4645

Lopardo, L. & Hormiga, G. (2015) Out of the twilight zone: Phylogeny and evolutionary morphology of the orb-weaving spider family Mysmenidae, with focus on spinneret spigot morphology in symphytognathoids (Araneae, Araneoidea). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 173 (3), 527–786.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12199

Lopardo, L., Giribet, G. & Hormiga, G. (2011) Morphology to the rescue: Molecular data and the signal of morphological characters in combined phylogenetic analyses—a case study from mysmenid spiders (Araneae, Mysmenidae), with comments on the evolution of web architecture. Cladistics, 27 (3), 278–330.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2010.00332.x

Mello-Leitão, C.F. de (1924) Quelques arachnides nouveaux du Bresil. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 93, 179–187.

Mello-Leitão, C.F. de (1926) Algumas Theraphosoideas novas do Brasil. Revista do Museu Paulista, 14, 307–324.

Mello-Leitão, C.F. de (1937) Aranhas novas ou raras. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 9, 1–12.

Mello-Leitão, C.F. de (1945) Some interesting new Brazilian spiders. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 36, 169–175.

Müller, H.G. (1987) Spiders from Colombia V. A new Mysmenopsis from the Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, northern Colombia (Araneida: Mysmenidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 7, 1–185.

Paz, S.N. & Raven, R.J. (1990) A new species of Linothele from Colombia (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Dipluridae). Journal of Arachnology, 79–86

Pickard-Cambridge, F.O. (1896) On the Theraphosidae of the lower Amazons: being an account of the new genera and species of this group of spiders discovered during the expedition of the steamship "Faraday" up the river Amazons. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 96, 716–766.

Platnick, N.I. (1993) Natural history and systematics of arthropod symbionts (Araneae; Hemiptera; Diptera) inhabiting webs of the spider Tengella radiata (Araneae, Tegellidae). American Museum Novitates, 3062, 1–17.

Platnick, N.I. & Shadab, M.U, (1978) A review of the spider genus Mysmenopsis (Araneae, Mysmenidae). American Museum Novitates, 2661, 1–22.

https://hdl.handle.net/2246/5421

Raven, R.J. (1985) The spider infraorder Mygalomorphae (Araneae): Cladistics and systematics. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 182, 1–180.

Schiapelli, R.D. & Gerschman, B.S. (1945) Parte descriptiva. In: Vellard, J., Schiapelli, R.D. & Gerschman, B.S. (Eds.), Arañas sudamericanas colleccionadas por el Doctor J. Vellard. I. Theraphosidae nuevas o poco conocidas. Acta Zoologica Lilloana, 3, 165–213.

Simon, E. (1889a) Arachnides. In: Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (décembre, 1887-avril 1888). 4e Mémoire. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6 (9), 169–220.

Simon, E. (1889b) Études arachnologiques. 21e Mémoire. XXXI. Descriptions d'espèces et the genres nouveaux de Madagascar et de Mayotte. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6 (8), 223–236.

Simon, E. (1895) Études arachnologiques. 26e. XLI. Descriptions d'espèces et de genres nouveaux de l'ordre des Araneae. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 64, 131–160.

Simon, E. (1897) On the spiders of the island of St Vincent. III. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London,, 1897, 860–890.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1898.tb01390.x

Strand, E. (1908) Diagnosen neuer aussereuropäischer Spinnen. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 32, 769–773.

Tucker, R.W.E. (1920) Contributions to the South African Arachnid Fauna. II. On some new South African spiders of the families Barychelidae, Dipluridae, Eresidae, Zodariidae, Heracliidae, Urocteidae, Clubionidae. Annals of the South African Museum, 17, 439–488.

World Spider Catalog (2014) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Available from: http//wsc.nmbe.ch, version 15.5 (accessed 2 December 2014)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand
A founding journal of Biotaxa