Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.56.1.7

Allium aladaghense (Amaryllidaceae, Allieae), a new species of section Asteroprason from northeast of Iran

FARSHID MEMARIANI, MOHAMMAD REZA JOHARCHI, ALI ASGHAR ARJMANDI

Abstract


Allium aladaghense is described as a new species from North Khorassan province in NE Iran. It is closely related to A. kuhsorkhense, another recently described endemic species. Diagnostic morphological characters, illustrations and notes on habitats and conservation of the new species as well as an identification key and distribution maps of the species of sect. Asteroprason are provided.


Keywords


subg. Melanocrommyum, biodiversity, distribution, Kopetdagh, Monocots

Full Text:

PDF/A (250 KB)

References


Aitchison, J.E.T. & Hemsley, W.B. (1888) The botany of Afghan delimitation commission. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 3(1): 1–139.

Akhani, H. (1999) Studies on the flora and vegetation of the Golestan National Park, NE Iran. III. Three new species, one new subspecies and fifteen new records for Iran. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 56: 1–31.

APG III (2009) An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 105–121.

Boissier, E. (1843) Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium Novarum. Ser. 1, No.1. Leipzig.

Boissier, E. (1846) Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium Novarum. Ser. 1, No.7. Leipzig.

Boissier, E. (1867) Flora Orientalis. Vol. I. H. Georg, Basil.

Bornmüller, J. (1910) Collectiones Straussianae novae. Beihefte zum Botanischen Centralblatt. 27(2): 288–347.

Chase, M.W., Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009) A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 132–136.

Desvaux, N.A. (1814) Monographie du genre Onobrychis. Journal de Botanique, Appliquée à l'Agriculture, à la Pharmacie, à la Médicine et aux Arts 3: 79–84.

Friesen, N., Fritsch, R.M. & Blattner, F.R. (2006) Phylogeny and new intrageneric classification of Allium (Alliaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS sequences. Aliso 22: 372–395.

Fritsch, R.M. (1996) The Iranian species of Allium subg. Melanocrommyum sect. Megaloprason (Alliaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 16: 9–17.

Fritsch, R.M., Matin, F. & Klaas, M. (2001) Allium vavilovii M.Popov et Vved. and a new Iranian species are the closest among the known relatives of the common onion A. cepa L. (Alliaceae). Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 48: 401–408.

Fritsch, R.M. & Friesen, N. (2002) Evolution, Domestication and Taxonomy. In: Rabinowitch, H.D. & Currah, L. (eds.) Allium Crop Science: Recent Advances. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, pp. 5–30.

Fritsch, R.M., Khassanov, F.O. & Matin, F. (2002) New Allium taxa from Middle Asia and Iran. Stapfia 80: 381–393.

Fritsch, R.M., Salmaki, Y., Zarre, Sh. & Joharchi, M. (2006) The genus Allium (Alliaceae) in Iran: current state, new taxa, and new records. Rostaniha 7 (Suppl. 2): 255–281.

Fritsch, R.M. & Abbasi, M. (2008) New taxa and other contributions to the taxonomy of Allium L. (Alliaceae) in Iran. Rostaniha 9 (Suppl. 2): 1–76.

Fritsch, R.M. & Gurushidze, M. (2009) Phylogenetic relationships of ornamental species in Allium L. subg. Melanocrommyum (Webb et Berthel.) Rouy (Alliaceae). Israel Journal of Plant Sciences 75: 287–295.

Fritsch, R.M., Blattner, F.R. & Gurushidze, M. (2010) New classification of Allium L. subg. Melanocrommyum (Webb. & Berthel.) Rouy (Alliaceae) based on molecular and morphological characters. Phyton (Horn, Austria) 49(2): 145–220.

Fritsch, R.M. & Maroofi, H. (2010) New species and new records of Allium L. (Alliaceae) from Iran. Phyton (Horn, Austria) 50(1): 1–26.

Gaudin, J. (1811) Agrostologia Helvetica. Vol. I. Paschoud, Geneva.

Gurushidze, M., Fritsch, R.M. & Blattner, F.R. (2008) Phylogenetic analysis of Allium subg. Melanocrommyum infers cryptic species and demands a new sectional classification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49: 997–1007.

Gurushidze, M., Fritsch, R.M. & Blattner, F.R. (2010) Species-level phylogeny of Allium subgenus Melanocrommyum: Incomplete lineage sorting, hybridization and trnF gene duplication. Taxon 59(3): 829–840.

Hooker, J.D. (1903) Allium ellisii, native of Khorassan. Curtis’s Botanical Magazine 129: t7875.

IUCN (2011) Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 9.0. Prepared by the Standards and Petitions Subcommittee. Downloadable from: http://www.iucnredlist.org/documents/RedListGuidelines.pdf (accessed: 5 March 2012).

Jaubert, C. & Spach, E. (1842) Illustrationes Plantarum Orientalium. Vol. I. Apud Roret Bibliopolam, Paris.

Kamelin, R.V. & Seisums, A.G. (1996) Tri novykh vida roda Allium L. (Alliaceae) iz yugo-zapadnoi Azii. (Tres species novae generis Allium L. (Alliaceae) ex Asia austro-occidentali.) Novosti Sistematiki Vysshikh Rastenii 30: 29–33.

Khassanov, F.O. & Memariani, F. (2006) Allium joharchii, a new species from Khorassan province (Iran). Rostaniha 7 (Suppl. 2): 63–69.

Khassanov, F.O., Noroozi, J. & Akhani, H. (2006) Two new species of the genus Allium (Alliaceae) from Iran. Rostaniha 7 (Suppl. 2): 119–129.

Koch, K. (1849) Beiträge zu einer Flora des Orientes. Linnaea 22: 177–338.

Li, Q.Q., Zhou, S.D., He, X.J., Yu, Y., Zhang, Y.C. & Wei, X.Q. (2010) Phylogeny and biogeography of Allium (Amaryllidaceae: Allieae) based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast rps16 sequences, focusing on the inclusion of species endemic to China. Annals of Botany 106: 709–733.

Linczevski, I.A. (1952) Plumbaginaceae. In: Komarov, V.L. (ed.) Flora of the U.S.S.R., vol. XVIII. Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, Moskva.

Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum, Vol. 1. Laurentius Salvius, Stockholm.

Linnaeus, C. von (1763) Species Plantarum, Vol. 2. Laurentius Salvius, Stockholm.

Mashayekhi, S., Zarre, S., Fritsch, R.M. & Attar, F. (2005) A new species of Allium subgen. Melanocrommyum sect. Compactoprason (Alliaceae) from Iran. Feddes Repertorium 116: 191–194.

Matin, F. (1992) The genus Allium in Iran, diversity, distribution and endemism. In: Hanelt, P., Hammer, K. & Knüpffer, H. (eds.) The genus Allium - Taxonomic Problems and Genetic Resources. (Proc. Int. Symp. Gatersleben, June 11–13, 1991). IPK, Gatersleben, pp. 193–194.

Memariani, F., Joharchi, M.R. & Khassanov, F. O. (2007) Allium L. subgen. Rhizirideum sensu lato in Iran, two new records and a synopsis of taxonomy and phytogeography. Iranian Journal of Botany 13(1): 12–20.

Neshati, F., Zarre, S., Fritsch, R.M. & Joharchi, M.R. (2009) Allium oriento-iranicum (Alliaceae), a new species from Iran. Annales Botanici Fennici 46: 599–601.

Razyfard, H., Zarre, S., Fritsch, R.M. & Maroofi, H. (2011) Four new species of Allium (Alliaceae) from Iran. Annales Botanici Fennici 48: 352–360.

Reveal, J.L. & Chase, M.W. (2011) APG III: Bibliographical Information and Synonymy of Magnoliidae. Phytotaxa 19: 71–134.

Rouy, G. (1910) Flore de France; ou, Description des Plantes qui Croissent Spontanément en France, en Corse et en Alsace-Lorraine. Vol. XII. Paris.

Schultz, C.H. (1844) Uber die Tanaceteen mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der deutschen Arten. Neustadt an der Haardt.

Trautvetter, E.R. von (1884) Incrementa florae phanerogamae rossicae, fascic. IV. Trudy Imperatorskago S. –Peterburgskago Botanicheskago Sada. 9: 221–642.

Tscholokaschvili, N.B. (1975) Ad cognitionem systematis generis Allium. Zametki po Sistematike i Geografii Rastenii (Tbilisi) 31: 36–54.

Vvedensky, A.I. (1934) Descriptiones Alliorum novorum. Byulleten’ Sredne- Aziatskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta 19: 119–130.

WCSP (2012) World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; https://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Retrieved 2012-04-01.

Wendelbo, P. (1969) New subgenera, sections and species of Allium. Botaniska Notiser 122: 25–37.

Wendelbo, P. (1971) Alliaceae. In: Rechinger, K.H. (ed.) Flora Iranica. No. 76. Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt, Graz, 100 pp.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand