Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.306.2.3

Amanita glarea, a new species in section Vaginatae from Pakistan

SANA JABEEN, MUNAZZA KIRAN, SADIQ ULLAH, ANDREW W. WILSON, GREGORY M. MUELLER, MUHAMMAD FIAZ, ABDUL NASIR KHALID

Abstract


A new species, Amanita glarea, is described and illustrated from Pakistan. Molecular phylogenetic data derived from internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and nuclear ribosomal large subunit (LSU) regions along with morphological characters make it distinct from other currently known Amanita species. Amanita glarea is characterized by a grayish brown, slightly umbonate, pileus having universal veil remnants and striate margins, a long ringless stipe with a saccate volva bearing yellowish brown patches on the verrucose surface, inamyloid globose to subglobose basidiospores, and a filamentous pileipellis with some inflated round to elongated cells. Phylogenetic analysis of nuclear ribosomal ITS and LSU nucleotide sequences resolve A. glarea with other taxa in Amanita section Vaginatae.


Keywords


Amanitaceae, Coniferous forests, Taxonomy, Fungi

Full Text:

PDF/A (2MB)

References


Ahmad, H. & Sirajuddin. (1996) Ethnobotanical profile of Swat. Proceedings of First Training Workshop on Ethnobotany and its Application to Conservation.

Ahmad, K.S.D. (1951) Climatic regions of West Pakistan. In: Proceedings of 3rd Pakistan Science Conference. pp. 101–35.

Ahmad, S., Iqbal, S.H. & Khalid, A.N. (1997) Fungi of Pakistan. Sultan Ahmad Mycological Society Pakistan, pp. 1–248.

Ali, S.I. & Qaiser, M. (1986) A phytogeographical analysis of the phanerogams of Pakistan and Kashmir. Proceeding of the Royal Society of Edenburgh 89B: 89–101.

https://doi.org/10.1017/s0269727000008939

Bas, C. (1969) Morphology and subdivision of Amanita and a monograph on its section Lepidella. Persoonia 5: 285–579.

Bas, C. (2000) A broader view on Amanita. Bollettino del Gruppo micologico G. Bresadola 43 (2): 11–12.

Bruns, T.D. (1995) Thoughts on the processes that maintain local species diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi. In: The significance and regulation of soil biodiversity. Springer Netherlands, pp. 63–73.

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0479-1_5

Buyck, B. (1994) Ubwoba: Les champignons comestibles de l’ouest du Burundi. (Admin. Gén. Cooperation au Developpement, Bruxelles). [ii] 123 pp.

Cai, Q., Tang, L.P. & Yang, Z.L. (2012) DNA barcoding of economically important mushrooms: a case study on lethal amanitas from China. Plant Diversity and Resources 34: 614–622. [in Chinese]

https://doi.org/10.3724/sp.j.1143.2012.12140

Cai, Q., Tulloss, R.E., Tang, L.P., Tolgor, B., Zhang, P., Chen, Z.H. & Yang, Z.L. (2014) Multi-locus phylogeny of lethal amanitas: implications for species diversity and historical biogeography. BMC Evolutionary Biology 14: 143–158.

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-14-143

Champion, H.G., Sethi, S.K., Khattak, G.M. (1965) Forest types of Pakistan. Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar, Pakistan, pp. 1–238.

Cho, H.J., Park, M.S., Lee, H., Oh, S.Y., Jang, Y., Fong, J.J. & Lim, Y.W. (2015) Four new species of Amanita in Inje County, Korea. Mycobiology 43: 408–414.

https://doi.org/10.5941/MYCO.2015.43.4.408

Corner, E.J. & Bas, C. (1962) The genus Amanita in Singapore and Malaya. Persoonia 2: 241–304.

Deng, W-Q., Li, T-H., Li, P., Yang, Z.L. (2014) A new species of Amanita section Lepidella from South China. Mycological Progress 13: 211–217.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-013-0906-6

Drehmel, D., Moncalvo, J. M. & Vilgalys, R. (1999) Molecular phylogeny of Amanita based on large-subunit ribosomal DNA sequences: implications for taxonomy and character evolution. Mycologia 91: 610–618.

https://doi.org/10.2307/3761246

Gardes, M. & Bruns, T.D. (1993) ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes application to the identification of mycorrhizae rusts. Molecular Ecology 2: 113–118.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.1993.tb00005.x

Ge, C., Cui, Y.N., Jing, P.Y. & Hong, X.Y. (2014) An alternative suite of universal primers for genotyping in multiplex PCR. PloS One 9: e92826.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0092826

Ge, Z.W., Yang, Z.L. & Vellinga, E.C. (2010) The genus Macrolepiota (Agaricaceae, Basidiomycota) in China. Fungal Diversity 45: 81–98.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-010-0062-0

Hamayun, M., Khan, M.A. & Begum, S. (2003) Marketing of medicinal plants of Utror-Gabral valleys, Swat, Pakistan. Ethnobotanical Leaflet 13.

Hosen, M.I., Li, T.H. & Deng, W.Q. (2015) Amanita cinereovelata, a new species of Amanita section Lepidella from Bangladesh. Mycological Progress 14: 35.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-015-1058-7.

Jan, M.Q. & Mian, I. (1971) Preliminary geology and petrography of Swat Kohistan. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar 6: 1–32.

Jenkins, D.T. (1986) Amanita of North America. Mad River Press, Eureka, CA, pp. 1–197.

Jukes, T.H. & Cantor, C.R. (1969) Evolution of protein molecules. In: Munro, H.N. (Ed.) Mammalian Protein Metabolism. Academic Press, New York, pp. 21–132.

https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-1-4832-3211-9.50009-7

Justo, A., Morgenstern, I., Hallen-Adams, H.E. & Hibbett, D.S. (2010) Convergent evolution of sequestrate forms in Amanita under Mediterranean climate conditions. Mycologia 102 (3): 675–688.

https://doi.org/10.3852/09-191

Kirk, P.M., Ainsworth, G.C., Cannon, P.F. & Minter, D.W. (2008) Ainsworth Bisby’s Dictionary of Fungi (10th ed.). CAB International, UK.

Lamarck, J.B.A.P. de. (1783) Encyclopédie Méthodique. Botanique, pp. 1–344.

Lamoureux, Y. (2006) Les amanites. Champ. Québec 2: i–viii, 1–109, figs. 1–52.

Li, F. & Cai, Q. (2014) Amanita heishidingensis, a new species of Amanita sect. Lepidella from China. Mycological Progress 13: 1191–1197.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-014-1008-9

Lloyd, C.G. (1898) A compilation of the Volvae of the United States. pp.1–22.

Menolli Jr., N., Capelari, M. & Baseia I.G. (2009) Amanita viscidolutea, a new species from Brazil with a key to Central and South American species of Amanita section Amanita. Mycologia 101: 395–400.

https://doi.org/10.3852/07-079

Montoya-Esquivel, A. (1997) Estudio etnomicologico en San Francisco Temezontla, Estado de Tlaxcala. Tesis M. en C., UNAM, pp. 133.

Munsell, A.H. (1975) Munsell soil color charts. Baltimore, MD, USA.

Persoon, C.H. (1797) Tentamen dispositionis methodicae Fungorum. Wolf, Leipzig, pp.1–76.

Siddiqui, M.F., Shaukat, S.S., Ahmed, M., Khan, N. & Khan, I.A. (2013) Vegetation-Environment relationship of conifer dominating forests of moist temperate belt of Himalayan and Hindukush regions of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 45: 577–592.

Tamura, K., Stecher, G., Peterson, D., Filipski, A. & Kumar, S. (2013) MEGA6: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 6.0. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30: 2725–2729.

https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mst197

Tang, L.P., Cai, Q., Lee, S.S., Buyck, B., Zhang, P., & Yang, Z.L. (2015) Taxonomy and phylogenetic position of species of Amanita sect. Vaginatae s.l. from tropical Africa. Mycological Progress 14: 1–15.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-015-1061-z

Tulloss, R.E. & Bhandary, H.R. (1992) Amanita chepangiana—a new species from Nepal. Mycotaxon 43: 25–31.

Tulloss, R.E. (2005) Amanita—distribution in the Americas with comparison to eastern and southern Asia and notes on spore character variation with latitude and ecology. Mycotaxon 93: 189–231.

Tulloss, R.E. (2009) Amanita magniverrucata—revision of an interesting species of Amanita section Lepidella. Mycotaxon 108: 93–104. https://doi.org/10.5248/108.93

Tulloss, R.E., Iqbal, S.H., Khalid, A.N., Bhatt, R.P. & Bhat, V.K. (2001) Studies in Amanita (Amanitaceae) from southern Asia. I. Some species of Pakistan’s Northwest Frontier Province. Mycotaxon 77: 455–490.

Tulloss, R.E., Ovrebo, C.L. & Halling, R.E. (1992) Studies on Amanita (Amanitaceae) from Andean Colombia. Memoirs of The New York Botanical Garden 66: 1–46.

Wahab, M. (2011) Population dynamics and dendrochronological potential of pine tree species from district Dir. PhD thesis submitted to Department Of Botany, Laboratory of Dendrochronology and Plant Ecology, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science and Technology, Gulshan-E-Iqbal Campus Karachi-75300, Pakistan.

Wartchow, F. & Cortez, V.G. (2016) A new species of Amanita growing under Eucalyptus is discovered in South Brazil. Mycosphere 7: 262–267.

Wartchow, F. & Gamboa-Trujillo, J.P. (2012) Amanita chocoana—a new species from Ecuador. Mycotaxon 121: 405–412.

https://doi.org/10.5248/121.405

Wartchow, F., Tulloss, R.E. & Cavalcanti, M.A. (2009) Amanita lippiae: a new species from the semi-arid caatinga region of Brazil. Mycologia 101: 864–870.

https://doi.org/10.3852/08-106

Weiß, M., Yang, Z.L. & Oberwinkler, F. (1998) Molecular phylogenetic studies in the genus Amanita. Canadian Journal of Botany 76: 1170–1179.

https://doi.org/10.1139/b98-129

White, T.J., Bruns, T.D. & Taylor, L.J. (1990) Amplification direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for Phylogenetics. In: Innis, M.A., Gelf, D.H., Sninsky, J.J. & White, T.J. (Eds.) PCR protocols: A guide to methods applications. Academic Press, New York, pp. 315–322.

https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-372180-8.50042-1

Wolfe, B.E., Kuo, M., & Pringle, A. (2012) Amanita thiersii is a saprotrophic fungus expanding its range in the United States. Mycologia 104: 22–33.

https://doi.org/10.3852/11-056

Yang, Z.L. (1997) Die Amanita-Arten von Südwestchina. Bibliotheca Mycologica 170: 1–240.

Yang, Z.L. (2000) Species diversity of the genus Amanita (Basidiomycetes) in China. Acta Botanica Yunnanica 22: 135–142.

Yang, Z. L. (2005) Flora fungorum sinicorum. Vol. 27. Amanitaceae. Science Press, Beijing.

Zhang, L.F., Yang, J.B. & Yang, Z.L. (2004) Molecular phylogeny of eastern Asian species of Amanita (Agaricales, Basidiomycota): taxonomic and biogeographic implications. Fungal Diversity 17: 219–238.

Zhang, P., Chen, Z.H., Xiao, B., Tolgor, B., Bao, H.Y. & Yang, Z.L. (2010) Lethal amanitas of East Asia characterized by morphological and molecular data. Fungal Diversity 42: 119–133.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-010-0018-4


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand