Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Validating the systematic placement of Eriosynaphe in the genus Ferula (Apiaceae: Scandiceae: Ferulinae) linked with the description of Ferula mikraskythiana sp. nov. from Romania



The genus Eriosynaphe had a peculiar taxonomic history by having been considered also as member of the genus Johrenia in addition to originally having been established in Ferula. It has traditionally been regarded as monotypic and no previous molecular study examined its phylogenetic position. Based on sequences of the nrDNA ITS region, here we show that Eriosynaphe is ‘deeply’ nested in one of the well supported and repeatedly recognised clades of Ferula, thus arguing for its return to the genus Ferula. Additionally, a new species, Ferula mikraskythiana endemic to the Dobrogea region of southeastern Romania is described in the present paper. This species, with its overall habit and mericarp structure, closely resembles Eriosynaphe longifolia though it differs from the latter by its much larger stature, the morphology of the leaf terminal lobes and a distinct phenology. Moreover, F. mikraskythiana is a narrow endemic to a region beyond (westward to) the wide distribution range of E. longifolia.


Dobrogea, morphology, new species, nrDNA ITS, phylogeny, taxonomy, Umbelliferae, Eudicots

Full Text:



Bartha, L., Stepanov, N.V., Rukšâns, J., Banciu, H.L. & Keresztes, L. (2015) Non-monophyly of Siberian Erythronium (Liliaceae) leads to the recognition of the formerly neglected Erythronium sajanense. Journal of Plant Research 128: 721–729.

Calestani, V. (1905) Conspectus specierum europaearum generis Peucedani. Bullettino della Società Botanica italiana 1905: 193–201.

DeCandolle, A.-P. (1829) Collection de Mémoires pour servir à l’histoire du Règne végétal: Cinquième Mémoire: Sur la Famille des Ombellifères. Treuttel et Würtz, Paris, 84 pp.

Don, D. (1831) Proceedings of the Linneaen Society. The Philosophical magazine: or Annals of chemistry, mathematics, astronomy, natural history and general science 9: 46–47.

IUCN Standards and Petitions Subcommittee (2016) Guidelines for using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria. Version 12. Prepared by the Standards and Petitions Subcommittee. Available from: (accessed January 2017)

Korovin, E.P. (1951) Ferula L. In: Schischkin, B.K. (Ed.) Flora SSSR. Izdatelstvo Akademii Nauk SSSR., Moscow, Leningrad, pp. 62–142.

Koso-Poljansky, B. (1916) Sciadophytorum systematis lineamenta. Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes de Moscou 29: 93–221.

Kurzyna-Młynik, R., Oskolski, A.A., Downie, S.R., Kopacz, R., Wojewódzka, A. & Spalik, K. (2008) Phylogenetic position of the genus Ferula (Apiaceae) and its placement in tribe Scandiceae as inferred from nrDNA ITS sequence variation. Plant Systematics and Evolution 274: 47–66.

Ledebour, C.F.v. (1829) Flora Altaica. Scripsit d. Carolus Fridericus a Ledebour. G. Reimeri, Berolini [Berlin]. 440 pp.

Linné, C. (1753) Species plantarum. L. Salvius, Holmiae [Stockholm]. 1200 pp.

Lupaşcu, A., Arcuș, D.M. & Chelariu, D. (2004) Comparative study on grass vegetal associations in north-eastern and south-eastern Romania. Lucrările Seminarului Geografic “Dimitrie Cantemir” 23–24: 215–221.

Lyskov, D., Degtjareva, G.V., Samigullin, T.H. & Pimenov, M.G. (2015) Systematic placement of the Turkish endemic genus Ekimia (Apiaceae) based on morphological and molecular data. Turkish Journal of Botany 39: 673–680.

Panahi, M., Banasiak, Ł., Piwczyński, M., Puchałka, R., Oskolski, A.A. & Spalik, K. (2015) Phylogenetic relationships among Dorema, Ferula and Leutea (Apiaceae: Scandiceae: Ferulinae) inferred from nrDNA ITS and cpDNA noncoding sequences. Taxon 64: 770–783.

Pimenov, M.G., Degtjareva, G.V., Ostroumova, T.A., Samigullin, T.H. & Averyanov, L.V. (2016) Xyloselinum laoticum (Umbelliferae), a new species from Laos, and taxonomic placement of the genus in the light of nrDNA ITS sequence analysis. Phytotaxa 244: 248–262.

Pimenov, M.G. & Kirillina, N.A. (1980) The carpology of Soranthus, Ladyginia, Eriosynaphe and Schumannia in connection with the problem of the taxonomic limits of the genus Ferula (Apiaceae). Botanicheskij Zhurnal 65: 1756–1766.

Pimenov, M.G. & Ostroumova, T.A. (2012) Umbelliferae of Russia. KMK Scientific Press, Moscow, 477 pp. [in Russian]

Rechinger, K.H. (1987) Flora Iranica, Volume 162: Umbelliferae. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz, 1054 pp.

Silvestro, D. & Michalak, I. (2012) raxmlGUI: a graphical front-end for RAxML. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 12: 335–337.

Sprengel, K.P.J. (1818) Species Umbelliferarum minus cognitae, illustratae a C. Sprengel, cum tabulis vii aeri incisis. Officina Rengeriana, Halae [Halle]. 154 pp.

Stamatakis, A. (2006) RAxML-VI-HPC: maximum likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses with thousands of taxa and mixed models. Bioinformatics 22: 2688–2690.

Stamatakis, A., Hoover, P. & Rougemont, J. (2008) A rapid Bootstrap algorithm for the RAxML web servers. Systematic Biology 57: 758–771.

Zakharova, E.A., Degtjareva, G.V., Kljuykov, E.V. & Tilney, P.M. (2014) The taxonomic affinity of Carum piovanii Chiov. and some Bunium species (Apiaceae). South African Journal of Botany 94: 122–128.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand