Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


Three new species of Paronychia (Caryophyllaceae) from Turkey



On the basis of both morphological and molecular data, three new species belonging to the genus Paronychia were described from Turkey: P. aksoyii (from Tortum, Erzurum) which is related to P. saxatilis, P. kocii (from Kelkit, Erzincan) which is related to P. turcica, and P. davrazensis (from Isparta) which is related to P. pontica. Morpholgy, notes on ecology, conservation status and distribution maps are provided for each new species, as well as a morphological comparison with the related taxa is given.


endemism, molecular data, morphology, new taxon, Paronychia, Eudicots

Full Text:

PDF/A (881KB)


Bittrich, V. (1993) Caryophyllaceae Juss. In: Kubitzki, K., Rohwer, J. & Bittrich, V. (Eds.) The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, Magnoliid, Hamamelid and Caryophyllid Families, vol. 2. Springer Verlag, Berlin, 223 pp.

Boissier, P.E. (1843) Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalum Novarum, vol. 1(3). Genevae, Lipsiae et Parisiis, pp. 10–11.

Boissier, P.E. (1867) Flora Orientalis, vol. 1. H. Georg, Genevae & Basileae, 1017 pp.

Chater, A.O. & Akeroyd, J.R. (1964) Paronychia Mill. In: Tutin, T.G., Burges, N.A., Chater, A.O., Edmondson, J.R., Heywood, V.H., (Eds.) Flora Europaea, vol. 1. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. 179–182.

Chaudhri, M.N. (1967) Paronychia Mill. In: Davis, P.H. (Ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, vol. 2. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, pp. 250–262.

Chaudhri, M.N. (1968) A revision of Paronychiinae, Drukkerij H. Gianotten NV. Tilburg. Nederland. 440 pp.

Chaudhri, M.N. (1980) Paronychia Mill. In: Ratter, J.A. & Rechinger, K.H. (Eds.) Flora Iranica, vol.144. Akademische Druck-u Verlagsanstalt, Graz-Austria. pp. 1–13.

Davis, P.H., Mill, R.R. & Tan, K. (1988) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands (Suppl. 1), vol. 10. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 590 pp.

Candolle, A.P. de (1842) Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis, vol. 1. Treuttel et Wurtz, Paris, 745 pp.

Doyle, J.J. & Dolye, J.L. (1987) A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochemistry Bulletin 19: 11‒15.

Felsenstein, J. (1985) Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39: 783‒791.

Forsskal, P. (1775) Flora Aegyptiaco-Arabica, sive descriptiones plantarum quas per Aegyptum inferiorem et Arabiam Felicem detexit illustravit Petrus Forsskål. Prof. Haun. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr, ex officina Mölleri, Hauniæ [Copenhagen], 65 pp.

Gültepe, M., Uzuner, U., Coşkunçelebi, K., Beldüz, A.O. & Terzioğlu S. (2010) Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) polymorphism in the wild Primula L. (Primulaceae) taxa of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany 34: 147‒157.

Hall, T.A. (1999) BioEdit: A user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Research 41: 95‒98.

IUCN (2014) Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, Version 11, February 2014. Available from: https://jr.iucnredlist. org/documents/RedListGuidelines.pdf (accessed 9 December 2014).

Linnaeus, C. (1753) Species Plantarum, vol. 1. Laurentius Salvius, London, 560 pp.

Miller, P. (1754) The Gardeners Dictionary: containing the methods of cultivating and improving all sorts of trees, plants, and flowers, for the kitchen, fruit, and pleasure gardens, as also those which are used in medicine: with directions for the culture of vineyards, and making of wine in England: in which likewsie are included the practical parts of husbandry 4th ed.. Publisher by the author, London, 434 pp.

Oxelman, B., Ahlgren, B. & Thulin, M. (2002) Circumscription and phylogenetic relationships of Gymnocarpos (Caryophyllaceae-Paronychioideae). Edinburgh Journal of Botany 59: 221–237.

Petrusson, L. & Thulin, M. (1996) Taxonomy and biogeography of Gymnocarpos (Caryophyllaceae, Paronychioideae). Edinburgh Journal of Botany 53(1): 19.

Rechinger, K.H. (1964) Flora of Lowland Iraq. Cramer Verlag, Weinheim, pp. 222–223.

Regel, E.A. (1862) Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou. vol. 35. Moscow, 283 pp.

Shishkin, B.K. (1985) Paronychia Mill. In: Shishkin, B.K. (Ed.) Flora of the U.S.S.R., vol. 6. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh & Koeltz Scientific Books, Dehra Dun, pp. 432–433.

Tamura, K., Peterson, D., Peterson, N., Stecher, G., Nei, M. & Kumar, S. (2011) MEGA5: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Using Maximum Likelihood, Evolutionary Distance, and Maximum Parsimony Methods. Molecular Biology and Evolution 28: 2731–2739.

Thiers, B. (2016) Index Herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Available from: (accessed 2 November 2016)

White, T.J., Bruns, T., Lee, S. & Taylor, J. (1990) Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: Innis, M.A., Gelfand, D.H., Sninsky, J.J. & White, T.J. (Eds.) PCR Protocols: a guide to methods and applications. Academic Press, New York, pp. 315–322.

Zohary, M. (1966) Flora Palaestina, vol. 1. The Israel Academy Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem, 364 pp.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand