Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access


DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.137.1.1

Phylogenetic position and taxonomy of the enigmatic Orobanche krylowii (Orobanchaceae), a predominatly Asian species newly found in Albania (SE Europe)

Božo Frajman, Luis Carlón, Petr Kosachev, Óscar Sánchez Pedraja, Gerald M. Schneeweiss, Peter Schönswetter

Abstract


We report on the occurrence of Orobanche krylowii in the Alpet Shqiptare (Prokletije, Albanian Alps) mountain range in northern Albania (Balkan Peninsula). The species was previously known only from eastern-most Europe (Volga-Kama River in Russia), more than 2500 km away, and from adjacent Siberia and Central Asia. We used morphological evidence as well as nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences to show that the Albanian population indeed belongs to O. krylowii and that its closest relative is the European O. lycoctoni, but not O. elatior as assumed in the past. Both Orobanche krylowii and O. lycoctoni parasitize Ranunculaceae (Thalictrum spp. and Aconitum lycoctonum, respectively). We provide an identification key and a taxonomic treatment for O. krylowii, and suggest the IUCN category CE (critically endangered) for the highly disjunct Albanian population.


Keywords


Orobanchaceae, Orobanche, phylogeny, biogeography, taxonomy

Full Text:

PDF/A (2.90 MB)

References


Alekseev, J.E., Galeeva, A.H., Gubanov, I.A., Gufranova, I.B., Zhirnova, T.V., Knjazev, M.V., Kulagin, J.Z., Kulakovskaja, L.A., Kultiasov, I.M., Kucherov, E.V., Michajlova, T.P., Muldaschev, A.A., Skvortzov, A.K., Tichomirov, V.N. & Schurova, E.A. (1989) Opredelitel' vysshikh rastenii Bashkirskoi ASSR [Identification key to Higher plants of the Bashkir Republic]. Nauka, Moscow, 375 pp.

Artemov, I.A. (2012) Opredelitel’ rastenij Katunskogo biosphernogo zapovednika [The key to the plants of the Katunskiy biosphere reserve]. Pjat’-Pljus, Barnaul, 320 pp.

Ball, P.W. (2011) Source of Records for Albania in Flora Europaea, TRTE Herbarium. University of Toronto, Mississauga. Available from: https://www.erin.utoronto.ca/~trteherb/resources_assets/Albania_V1.pdf (accessed 7 March 2013).

Barina, Z. & Pifko, D. (2008) Additions and amendments to the flora of Albania. Wildenowia 38: 455–464.

https://dx.doi.org/10.3372/wi.38.38206

Barina, Z., Pifkó, D. & Mesterházy, A. (2011) Contributions to the flora of Albania, 3. Wildenowia 41: 329–339.

https://dx.doi.org/10.3372/wi.41.41214

Barina, Z., Rakaj, M. & Pifkó, D. (2013) Contributions to the flora of Albania, 4. Willdenowia 43: 165–184.

https://dx.doi.org/10.3372/wi.43.43119

Beck Mannagetta, G. von (1890) Monographie der Gattung Orobanche. Bibliotheca Botanica 19: 1–275.

Beck Mannagetta, G. von (1930). Orobanchaceae. In: Engler, A. (ed.) Das Pflanzenreich. Regni vegetabilis conspectus.W. Engelmann, Leipzig, pp. 1–348.

Beck, G. (1881) Plantae novae. Oesterreichische Botanische Zeitschrift 31: 309–313.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01647094

Carlón, L., Gómez Casares, G., Laínz, M., Moreno Moral, G., Sánchez Pedraja, Ó. & Schneeweiss, G.M. (2005) Más, a propósito de algunas Orobanche L. y Phelipanche Pomel (Orobanchaceae) del oeste del Paleártico. Documentos del Jardín Botánico Atlántico (Gijón) 3: 1–71.

Carlón, L., Gómez Casares, G., Laínz, M., Moreno Moral, G., Sánchez Pedraja, Ó. & Schneeweiss, G.M. (2008) Más, a propósito de algunas Phelipanche Pomel, Boulardia F. W. Schultz y Orobanche L. (Orobanchaceae) del oeste del Paleártico. Documentos del Jardín Botánico Atlántico (Gijón) 6: 1–127.

Carlón, L., Gómez Casares, G., Laínz, M., Moreno Moral, G., Sánchez Pedraja, Ó. & Schneeweiss, G.M. (2013a) Index of Orobanchaceae. Liérganes, Cantabria, Spain. Available from: https://www.farmalierganes.com/Otrospdf/publica/Orobanchaceae%20Index.htm (accessed: 1 February 2013).

Carlón, L., Gómez Casares, G., Laínz, M., Moreno Moral, G., Sánchez Pedraja, Ó. & Schneeweiss, G.M. (2013b) Annotated checklist of host plants of Orobanchaceae. Liérganes, Cantabria, Spain. Available from: https://www.farmalierganes.com/flora/angiospermae/orobanchaceae/Host_Orobanchaceae_Checklist.htm (accessed: 1 February 2013).

Chater, A.O. & Webb, D.A. (1972) Orobanche L. In: Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, N.A., Moore, D.M., Valentine, D.H., Walters, S.M. & Webb, D.A. (eds.) Flora Europaea 3. CUP, Cambridge, pp. 286–293.

Dakskobler, I., Vreš, B. & Pusch, J. (2010) Orobanche pancicii Beck, a new species to the flora of Slovenia. Hacquetia (Ljubljana) 9: 171–176.

https://dx.doi.org/10.2478/v10028-010-0008-9

Domina, G. & Raab-Straube, E. von (2010) Orobanchaceae. In: Euro+Med Plantbasethe information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Available from: https://www.emplantbase.org/home.html (accessed: 20 March 2013).

Doyle, J.J. & Doyle, J.L. (1987) A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small amounts of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochemical Bulletin 19: 11–15.

Foley, M.J.Y. (1998) Two new Orobanche species from the Arabian Peninsula. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 55: 229–234.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0960428600002158

Foley, M.J.Y. (2004) Orobanchaceae of the Arabian Peninsula. Candollea 59: 231–254.

Frajman, B. & Schönswetter, P. (2008) Notes on some rare Orobanche and Phelipanche species (Orobanchaceae) in Croatia. Acta Botanica Croatica 67: 103–107.

Frajman, B., Pachschwöll, C. & Schönswetter, P. (submitted to Phyton) Contributions to the flora of the Dinarides (Balkan Peninsula).

Frajman, B., Strgulc Krajšek, S. & Dakskobler, I. (2011) Orobanche kochii F. W. Schultz in Orobanche elatior Sutton (Orobanchaceae)—novi vrsti za floro Slovenije.—Orobanche kochii F. W. Schultz and Orobanche elatior Sutton (Orobanchaceae)—new species for the flora of Slovenia. Hladnikia (Ljubljana) 27: 57–65.

Gorchakovskij, P.L., Schurova, E.A., Knyazev, M.S., Marina, L.V., Morozova, L.M., Nikonova, N.N., Prjamonosova, S.A., Salmina, N.P., Schlykova, N.A., Beljaeva, I.V., Balandin, S.V., Vasfilova, E.S., Famelis, T.V., Trotcenko, G.V., Zueva, V.N. & Meling, E.A. (1994) Opredelitel’ sosudistych rastenij Ctentralnogo Urala [Key to the vascular plants of the Central Ural]. Nauka, Moscow, 525 pp.

Grubov, V.I., Borodina-Grabovskaja, A.J., Illarionova, I.D., Krestovskaja, T.V. & Tzvelev, N.N. (2006) Rastenija Central’noj Azii, vol. 15. Akad. nauk SSSR, Moskva, 142 pp.

Ivanova, M.M. (1999) Orobanche krylovii G. Beck. In: Hmelnov, A. (ed.) Krasnaja kniga rastenij Baikalskogo regiona [Red List of Plants of the Lake Baikal Region]. Botanic Garden of the Irkutsk State University, Irkutsk. Available from: https://bg.isu.ru/ru/science/kkrbr/ (accessed: 20 March 2013).

Ivanova, M.M. (2010) Orobanche krylovii G. Beck. In: Gajkova, O.J. (ed.) Krasnaja kniga Irkutskoj oblasti [Red List of Plants of the Irkutsk Region]. Vremja stranstvij, Irkutsk, p. 168.

IUCN (2013) IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, 2nd edition. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge. Available from: https://www.iucnredlist.org/ (accessed: 20 March 2013).

Kosachev, P.A. (2009) Dopolnenije k sem. Scrophulariaceae Juss. s. l. i Orobanchaceae Vent. flory Sibiri i Kazachstana [Addition to the families Scrophulariaceae Juss. s. l. and Orobanchaceae Vent of the flora of Siberia and Kazakhstan]. Turczaninowia 12: 40–47.

Kosachev, P.A. (2013) Orobanche krylowii. In: Vaganov, A. (ed.) Bioraznoobrazie Altae-Sajanskogo Ecoregiona [Biodiversity of Altai-Sayan Ecoregion]. Available from: https://bioaltai-sayan.ru (accessed: 20 March 2013).

Krasnoborov, I.M. (2000) Orobanchaceae. In: Krasnoborov, I.M., Lomonosova, M.N., Schaulo, D.N., Vibe, E.I., Zhirova, O.S., Koroljuk, E.A., Krasnikov, A.A., Snytko, O.N. & Tupitzyna, N.N. Opredelitel' rastenii Novosibirskoi oblasti [Key to the plants of Novosibirskaya oblast]. Nauka, Novosibirsk, p. 492.

Kreutz, C.A.J. (1995) Orobanche. Die Sommerwurzarten Europas. Band 1: Mittel- und Nordeuropa. Sichting Natuurpublikaties Limburg, Maastricht, 159 pp.

Krylov, P. (1907) Flora Altaya i Tomskoi gubernii [Flora of Altai and Tomsk Province], vol. 4. Typo-lithography K. Ya. Zelenevskago, Tomsk, pp. 865–1088.

Krylov, P., Schischkin, B.K., Sergievskaja, L.P. & Steinberg, E.I. (1939) Flora Zapadnoi Sibiri [Flora of Western Siberia], vol. 10. Krasnoe Znamja, Tomsk, pp. 2544–2545.

Kulikov, P.V. (2005). Konspekt flory Cheljabinskoj oblasti (sosudistye rastenija) [Chek-list of flora of the Chelyabinsk region (vascular plants)]. Geotur, Yekaterinburg-Miass, 537 pp.

Kurbatskij V.I. (1979) Orobanchaceae. In: Polozhij, A.V. (ed.) Flora Krasnojarskogo kraja [Flora of Krasnojarskii krai] 9(2). Isdatel’stvo Tomskogo universiteta, Tomsk, p. 38.

Kurbatskij, V.I. (2007) Orobanchaceae. In: Polozhij, A.V. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) Flora of Siberia, vol. 12. English translation from Russian, Enfield, USA, 221 pp.

Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (1979) Flora tsentral'noj Sibiri [Flora of the Central Siberia]. Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1048 pp.

Chepinoga, V.V., Stepantzova, N.V., Grebenjuk, A.V., Verchosina, A.V., Vin’kovskaja, O.P., Gnutikov, A.A., Dulepova, N.A., Enutschenko, I.V., Zarubin, A.M., Kazanovskij, S.G., Konovalov, A.S., Korobkov, A.A., Luferov, A.N. & Rosbah, S.A. (2008) Orobanchaceae. Vent. In: Malyschev, L.I. (ed.) Konspekt flory Irkutskoj oblasti (sosudistye rastenija) [Check-list of the vascular flora of the Irkutsk region]. Isdatel’stvo Irkutskogo universiteta, Irkutsk, 327 pp.

Manen, J.F., Habashi, C. Jeanmonod, D., Park, J.M. & Schneeweiss, G.M. (2004) Phylogeny and intraspecific variability of holoparasitic Orobanche (Orobanchaceae) inferred from plastid rbcL sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 33: 482–500.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2004.06.010

Markgraf, F. (1932) Pflanzengeographie von Albanien. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, 132 pp.

Meusel, H., Jäger, E. & Weinert, E. (1965) Vergleichende Chorologie der Zentraleuropäischen Flora. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, 583 pp.

Meusel, H., Jäger, E., Rauschert, S. & Weinert, E. (1978) Vergleichende Chorologie der Zentraleuropäischen Flora, vol. 2. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, 418 pp.

Meyer, F.K. (2011) Beiträge zur Flora von Albanien. Haussknechtia Beiheft 15: 1–220.

Miller, M.A., Pfeiffer, W. & Schwartz, T. (2010) Creating the CIPRES Science Gateway for inference of large phylogenetic trees. In: Proceedings of the Gateway Computing Environments Workshop (GCE), 14 Nov. 2010, New Orleans, LA, pp. 1–8.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/gce.2010.5676129

Naumenko, N.I. (2008) Flora i rastitelnost’Juzhnogo Urala [Flora and vegetation of Southern Urals]. Kurgan University, Kurgan, 512 pp.

Novopokrovskii, I.V. & Tzvelev, N.N. (1958) Orobanchaceae Vent. In: Komarov, V.L. (ed.) Flora of the USSR, vol. 23. Akademiia Nauk SSSR, Moskva-Leningrad [translation published by Israel Program for Scientific Translations, Jerusalem], pp. 18–127.

Nyman, C.F. (1890) Conspectus florae Europaeae, Suppl. 2(2). Typis officinae Bohlinianae, Örebro.

https://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.11052

Paparisto, K, Demiri, M, Mitrushi, I & Qosja, X.H. (1988) Flora e Shqiperise, vol. 1. Akademia e Shkencave e RPS te Shqiperise, Qendra e Kerkimeve Biologjike, Tirana, 457 pp.

Park, J.M., Manen, J.F. & Schneeweiss, G.M. (2007) Horizontal gene transfer of a plastid gene in the non-photosynthetic flowering plants Orobanche and Phelipanche (Orobanchaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43: 974–985.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2006.10.011

Park, J.M., Manen, J.F., Colwell, A.E. & Schneeweiss, G.M. (2008) A plastid gene phylogeny of the non-photosynthetic parasitic Orobanche (Orobanchaceae) and related genera. Journal of Plant Research 121: 365–376.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10265-008-0169-5

Pignatti, S. (1982) Flora d'Italia, vol. 2. Edagricole, Bologna, 732 pp.

Popov, M.G. & Busik, V.V. (1966). Konspekt flory poberezhij ozera Baikal [Check-list of the flora of coasts of Lake Baikal]. Nauka, Moskau-Leningrad, 157 pp.

Pujadas-Salvà, A. & Crespo, M.B. (2004) A new species of Orobanche (Orobanchaceae) from south-eastern Spain. Botanical Journal of the Linnaean Society 146: 97–102.

Pujadas-Salvà, A. (2008) Orobanche mariana A. Pujadas (Orobanchaceae) sp. nov. para el sur de la Península Ibérica. Acta Bot. Malacitana 32: 269–274.

Pujadas Salvà, A. (2012) Typification and characterization of Orobanche ritro Gren. & Godr. (Orobanchaceae) of central and southern Europe. Acta Botanica Gallica 159: 67–72.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/12538078.2012.671644

Pusch, J. & Günther, K.-F. (2009) Familie Orobanchaceae s. str. Sommerwurzgewächse. In: Wagenitz, G.W. (ed.) Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa VI(1A), ed. 2. Weissdorn-Verlag, Jena, pp. 1–99.

Pusch, J. (2000) Orobanche pancicii—Neu für Österreich und für ganz Mitteleuropa. Floristische Rundbriefe 34: 27–42.

Qosja, X., Paparisto, K., Demiri, M. & Vangjeli, J. (1992) Flora e Shqiperise, vol. 2. Akademia e Shkencave e RPS te Shqiperise, Qendra e Kerkimeve Biologjike, Tirana, 446 pp.

Qosja, X., Paparisto, K., Vangjeli, J. & Ruci, B. (1996) Flore e Shqiperise, vol. 3. Akademia e Shkencave e RPS te Shqiperise, Qendra e Kerkimeve Biologjike, Tirana, 331 pp.

Rakaj, M. (2009) Floristic and chorological news from north Albania. Botanica Serbica 33: 177–183.

Schaulo, D.N. (2006) Flora of West Sajan. Turczaninowia 9: 5–336.

Schaupp, J. (2011) Orobanche pancicii. In: Fischer, M.A. & Niklfeld, H. (eds.) Floristische Neufunde (99–123). Neilreichia 6: 385.

Schlauer, J., Meijer, W. & Hansen, B. (2012). Parasitic Plants Database. Available from: https://www.omnisterra.com/bot/pp_home.cgi (accessed: 4 October 2012).

Schneeweiss, G.M., Colwell, A., Park, J.M., Jang, C.G. & Stuessy, T.F. (2004) Phylogeny of holoparasitic Orobanche (Orobanchaceae) inferred from nuclear ITS-sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 465–478.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s1055-7903(03)00210-0

Schneeweiss, G.M., Frajman, B. & Dakskobler, I. (2009) Orobanche lycoctoni Rhiner (Orobanchaceae), a poorly known species of the Central European flora. Candollea 64: 91–99.

Schönswetter, P., Gribl, N. & Frajman, B. (in press) Orobanche lycoctoni - (fast) neu für Österreich. Neilreichia 7.

Schönswetter, P., Schneeweiss, G.M., Gutermann, W., Schratt-Ehrendorfer, L., Tribsch, A., Frajman, B., Köckinger, K., Latzin, S., Starlinger, F., Greimler, J., Hülber, K., Sinn, E., Niklfeld, H. (2011) Floristische Neufunde aus den Ostalpen. Neilreichia 6: 81–98.

Stamatakis, A. 2006. RAxML-VI-HPC: maximum likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses with thousands of taxa and mixed models. Bioinformatics 22: 2688–2690.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btl446

Stamatakis, A., Hoover, P. & Rougemont, J. (2008) A fast bootstrapping algorithm for the RAxML web-servers. Systematic Biology 57: 758–771.

https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10635150802429642

Swofford, D.L. (2002) PAUP*. Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and Other Methods), ver. 4.0 beta 10. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland.

Teryokhin, E.S., Schibakina, G.B., Serafimovitsch, N.B. & Kravtzova, T.I. (1993) Opredelitel Sarasychovych Flory SSSR [Key to the broomrapes of the Flora of the USSR]. Nauka, St. Petersburg, 123 pp.

Tzvelev, N.N. (1981) Orobanchaceae Vent. In: Fedorov, A.A. (ed.). Flora Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR [Flora of Russia: The European Part and Bordering Regions], vol. 5. Nauka, Leningrad, pp. 434–461 [English translation: Balkema. A.A., India, 2001].

Uhlich, H. (2013) OroWiki. Available from: https://orowiki.org/wiki/ (accessed: 20 March 2013).

Vangjeli, J., Ruci, B., Mullaj, A., Paparisto, K. & Qosja, X.H. (2000) Flora e Shqiperise, vol. 4. Akademia e Shkencave e Republikes se Shqiperise, Instituti i Kerkimeve Biologjike, Tirane, 502 pp.

Zázvorka, J. (2010) Orobanche kochii and O. elatior (Orobanchaceae) in central Europe. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 95: 77–119.

Zhang, Z. & Tzvelev, N.N. (1998) Orobanchaceae. In: Wu Zhengyi & Raven, P.H. (eds.) Flora of China, vol. 18. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis (USA), pp. 229–243.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand